(ORDO NEWS) — Spinal diseases have become a real scourge of our time. One or another manifestation of osteochondrosis, lordosis, kyphosis and scoliosis occurs in more than half of the adult population.
And the worst thing is that diseases of the spine are getting younger and are increasingly being detected in young people.
The most common diseases that cause pain and stiffness are cervical and cervicothoracic osteochondrosis.
Osteochondrosis is a disease that predominantly affects the cartilaginous structures of the intervertebral discs, as a result of which they lose their elasticity and firmness, lose their main functions of shock absorption and ensuring the mobility of the vertebrae.
In many ways, the development of pathology is associated with the peculiarities of working at a computer, the use of mobile gadgets and other modern nuances.
If you do not pay attention to the recurrent neck pain and discomfort when turning it, the problem will worsen.
The manifestations of the formed cervical osteochondrosis will be:
- Persistent neck pain;
- Feelings of numbness and weakness in the arms;
- Visual impairment;
- Blood pressure drops;
At later stages, the neck may stop moving normally, a person will need surgical treatment, wearing special orthopedic collars, Glisson’s loop , as well as long and expensive rehabilitation.
As with all other diseases, neck pathology is much easier to prevent than to cure later.
Consider the main recommendations of specialists designed to prevent the development of cervical osteochondrosis and the appearance of pain.
The habit of controlling posture
It doesn’t matter if you are sitting at a computer or standing in line at a store – try to keep your back straight, your shoulders straight, and your chin pointing down instead of at your chest, with your ears above your shoulders, not in front of them.
Yes, at first it will be unusual and difficult to monitor your posture, but over time it will become a habit, and you will walk smoothly automatically.
Warm up and breaks
If your work involves being in one position (working as a driver, office work at a computer, and so on), be sure to take warm-up breaks at least once an hour.
Just make it a rule to do a few simple head tilts, stretch up and to the sides.
There is no need to arrange performances of vivid and complex exercises – the whole complex should be carried out right at the workplace or even in a sitting position.
Correct workplace setup
A very important point that could be put in the first place.
The key to preventing diseases of the spine will be the correct height of the chair and desktop, the tilt of the monitor, the location of the keyboard and mouse, office supplies.
Osteochondrosis develops faster where it is inconvenient to work, when individual muscles are overstrained, you have to adapt and bend.
The monitor should be at eye level so that you do not have to tilt your neck, your hands should be free to lie on the keyboard and reach the mouse, while your back should be flat, close to the back of the working chair.
The habit of holding the phone “hands-free”
You can often see a person talking on the phone with the handset held between the shoulder and neck. Talking in this way a couple of times a week is okay.
However, sometimes, thus freeing his hands for a pen or keyboard, a person introduces the neck pressed to the shoulder into a permanent habit, thereby triggering the classic osteochondrosis of the neck and thoracic region.
Give up such habits!
Much has been said about smoking and its harm to the body.
Despite this, many continue to smoke and think that harm is limited to the lungs and cardiovascular system.
In fact, the small vessels feeding the cartilage tissue of the intervertebral discs are among the first to suffer.
Thus, smokers day after day “feed” their osteochondrosis with another cigarette, instead of taking up its prevention.
Here we are talking about the misalignment of the spinal column, when on one side a person wears something heavy.
This is especially true for bags that weigh more than a kilogram and are constantly worn over the shoulder.
Chronic imbalance narrows the vessels, deforms the discs and leads to the restructuring of the corresponding musculo-ligamentous apparatus of the neck, which leads to the appearance of pain, the development of osteochondrosis.
The bed, and especially the mattress and pillow, are extremely important for the prevention of any back problems.
The spine should not have strong deflections during sleep, the head and neck should be approximately at the same level.
Experts say that in more than half of the patients, osteochondrosis debuted just because of the wrong mattress and pillow.
Diet and nutrition
If the diet contains little calcium, phosphorus, protein and other substances, the vertebrae and discs are among the first to suffer.
Mineral substances in the blood are a constant value, therefore, in case of a deficiency, the body begins to draw them from bone, cartilage and muscle tissue.
Make sure you always have enough vitamins and minerals in your diet.
Drafts, overload and injury
Many athletes note that after completing their professional activities, back problems become a real disaster.
The cervical spine is especially vulnerable here, since many sports exercises involve it in one way or another.
Yes, sport is a good prevention of osteochondrosis and posture problems, but injuries, muscle sprains, excessive exercise and colds (myositis) – all this leaves an imprint and does not bode well in the long term.
Tracking and timely action
And again we are talking about how we relate to our health, and especially to the back – we hope that everything will pass by itself, someday.
The fact is that once it appears, osteochondrosis will not go anywhere, especially on its own.
In addition, it is still necessary to prove that it is he, and not another pathology of the spine that requires emergency measures, such as intervertebral hernia, radicular syndrome, protrusion, and so on.
At occurrence of back pain do not need to let things take their course, it is better to find out the causes of pain and discomfort, to make X-ray Remove to scan or MRI to find out the cause of the disease.
Yes, there are many causes of back pain, as well as diseases that can cause discomfort.
The cervical region suffers most often, as it takes on the maximum “office” and workload.
Try to follow these simple guidelines to get rid of pain and prevent disease progression!
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