(ORDO NEWS) — Human linguists are not always able to detect the patterns that computers see. It was previously believed that the sound of words in different languages is random and depends only on the etymology of the word and the peculiarities of the pronunciation of the people using this word.
However, a statistical analysis of the dictionaries of more than half of the world’s languages showed that people choose the same sounds for the most important words.
All mankind speaks the same language. This conclusion was reached by linguists and cybernetics from Argentina, Germany, the Netherlands, the USA and Switzerland, after analyzing 40-100 basic words in 3700 languages (approximately 62% of all world languages).
It turned out that, despite significant differences between languages from different language groups and families, there are clearly visible patterns in the selection of phonemes for basic words, especially the designation of body parts.
Other groups of words in which the connection between the languages of the world was especially clearly manifested include the names of degrees of kinship and common weather phenomena.
Scientists realized that before them was evidence of the existence of yet unexplored patterns of the human brain, the desire to ascribe their own meaning to phonemes. Apparently, this property is universal for all members of our species.
So, in the vast majority of languages, the word for “nose” has the sound “n” and (or) the vowels “o” or “u”. And in a word meaning a leaf of a tree, in any language, there is a high probability of finding the sounds “l”, “p” or “b”, while the word meaning “sand” is more likely to contain the sound “s”.
Words meaning “red” and “round” very often have the sound “r” in their composition. These rules are not universal, but the number of matches indicates the presence of a certain rule.
Scientists have also found that for some words, on the contrary, there are very uncharacteristic sounds. This is especially true for pronouns. A speaker of any language of the world does not use the sounds “y”, “p”, “b”, “t”, “s”, “r” and “l” to refer to himself.
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