(ORDO NEWS) — An international team of scientists analyzed two decades of Global Burden of Disease (GBD) databases.
Scientists have assessed the risk of premature death from metabolic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, fatty liver and some others.
Scientists have shown that obesity remains a major metabolic disease. Mankind loses more than a hundred million years every year due to obesity, and the situation has not improved for the last 20 years.
And yet it’s time for humanity to lose weight
Data for the GBD is collected and analyzed by a consortium of more than 9,000 researchers from 162 countries.
The data captures premature death and disability from 370 diseases and injuries in 204 countries and territories from 1990 to present.
In other words, the GBD report comprehensively describes what makes people disabled and kills them in different countries.
Armed with this information, scientists, doctors and policy makers can make informed decisions about how to help people live long and healthy lives.
Comparing GBD reports from 2000 to 2019, an international team of researchers found that rates of metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and obesity have not declined in 20 years.
Metabolic diseases often come together (eg, obesity + diabetes + cholesterol), share common risk factors, and are associated with an increased risk of disability, cancer, and premature death.
The reduction in global life expectancy associated with obesity has not changed significantly from 2000 to 2019. Obesity has been and remains the leading cause of premature death of all metabolic diseases.
Premature mortality due to obesity in 2019 alone took away from humanity about 160.2 million years of life. (The DALY index was calculated – a universal indicator adopted by WHO)
The shortened life expectancy due to type 2 diabetes has not changed from 2000 to 2019 either. It cost humanity 6.6 million years in 2019.
The scientists also noted that mortality associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is slowly declining. In 2019, humanity lost 4.4 million years of life due to this disease.
The researchers conclude in their paper that despite advances in medicine and educational programs, obesity is still a major metabolic disease. Nothing has changed for 20 years.
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