(ORDO NEWS) — Well, who among us has not been touched by the good-natured neighbor’s Labrador? Who hasn’t stroked a cat at least once and smiled at its purr in response?
Fish, parrots, turtles… In every second house there will surely be some kind of living creature, except for children, cockroaches and mother-in-law.
However, behind all this mi-mi-mi, there is a whole squad of diseases potentially dangerous for humans, in addition to banal worms, which can not only cause discomfort, but even lead to death.
It has been scientifically proven that the low-frequency (within 20-30 Hz) purring of these caudates has an excellent therapeutic effect on humans, and simply cheers up after a hard day’s work. But make no mistake, these pussies are more dangerous than they look, and it’s not just torn wallpaper or ruined shoes.
Felinosis, or, in everyday language, cat-scratch fever, is an acute infectious disease caused by the vile bartonella bacterium. She lives in saliva, urine and on the paws of cats.
Toxoplasmosis is another parasitic nuisance that can be carried by cats and other mammals. To get this or that infection, you do not have to pick your hands in the animal’s tray, a simple bite or scratch is enough for Bartonella or Toxoplasma to enter your body through damaged skin.
Voila! A rash and suppuration appear at the site of penetration, during the height of the disease, the lymph nodes also increase, from which, as a result, pus may have to be removed. There are more serious symptoms on the list: fever, headaches and loss of appetite. In some cases, the liver and spleen are enlarged.
Complications include myocarditis, serous meningitis, and encephalitis. When a pregnant woman is infected with toxoplasmosis, there is a great risk: deviations in the development of the fetus that are not compatible with life are possible.
No panic. As in most cases with such sores, the best prevention is hygiene. Washing your hands after contact with an animal, even a pet, is the norm. Wash the tray, wash your hands. Logically, in general. And if you did get scratched by a cat, ideally disinfect the wound.
An ordinary budgerigar – well, what could be dangerous in it? Sitting in a cage, chirping loudly, covered with a cap – sleeping. Feed, water, clean the cage regularly and teach indecent words – that’s all the worries.
But just during the cleaning, a surprise awaits you: salmonellosis, tuberculosis, arizonosis and chlamydia. A good kit. All this, as a rule, “lives” in the litter of birds and can become a big problem for both the birds themselves and for humans.
As soon as you notice a change in your pet’s condition – a reason to ring the bells! So diagnosis in the early stages will help at least save the life of the bird, and you will lose a whole bunch of troubles.
Headache, chills and diarrhoea, lymph node involvement… Keep in mind that avian tuberculosis, like any other type of tuberculosis, is considered a disease, so if a disease is suspected, it should be reported to the appropriate authorities.
Lovely companions, guides and guards… A dog for a person is no longer just a friend or cohabitant, as in the case of a cat, but also an assistant: bring slippers, scare a neighbor, please the kids…
All of these are our best friends. But if you don’t really monitor your pet and don’t get regular vaccinations (“He’s my home, what can he get infected with? Besides, in the city!”), Then this is a direct road to the risk group.
The main problem may be rabies, or scientifically rabies, and the fact that you and your pet live in the city does nothing to protect both of you from a deadly disease. The slightest contact with an infected animal (wild dog, rat – any warm-blooded animal carrier) is enough, and that’s it, the countdown begins.
The animal begins to itch at the site of entry of the virus (mucosa of the mouth, eyes or nose, open wound, bite), it becomes lethargic and avoids contact. Then the stage of aggression: the animal rushes at everyone and everything, foam begins to stand out from the mouth.
At this point, the animal releases a huge amount of the virus into the environment. And the finale is a state of apathy, refusal to eat, convulsions. Death occurs as a result of brain damage and disruption of the cardiovascular system. The average incubation period for dogs is about 10 days.
In humans, the stages of the course of the disease are the same, but unlike animals, we can be saved if emergency measures are taken. If you know for sure that you had contact with an infected dog, run to the emergency room.
It is advisable to take the same dog with you to identify the symptoms of rabies. If the animal ran away in an unknown direction, doctors will do all the necessary tests and immediately begin vaccination: a total of six injections with different intervals from 3 to 90 days. If tightened, the risk of death is 100%.
Well, how do you like the prospect? To prevent this from happening, it is enough to vaccinate the dog once a year (as well as the cat, if it periodically walks on the street with you or you often take it out, for example, to the country), and no rabies threatens pets. In a good way, you should also take root, especially if you are a hunter, dog handler or breeder.
Okay, everything is clear with warm-blooded ones, there are a lot of options to pick up an infection. But the fish, they are in the aquarium! No wool, no saliva, no tray, but only a sealed box with water and pebbles on almost all sides. What could be wrong with these creatures!?
Aquarium fish suffer from one single disease that can be transmitted to humans. But what! Granuloma, or fish tuberculosis, is very widespread, and its bacteria are found in almost every aquarium. Yes, these macrobacteria cause real tuberculosis in fish, and no, they do not cause tuberculosis in humans.
It’s a good news. The bad news is that this sore will spoil your nerves. Do you have wounds on your hand, albeit microscopic, but still, and you climbed without gloves to clean the aquarium?
Congratulations! There is a 100/1 chance of having a granuloma on your hands. Redness, rashes, ulcers of various sizes and crusts on the skin of the hands are all included.
Treat with antibiotics. Long and painful. And it is better to regularly carry out preventive maintenance of the aquarium. Some experts generally advise regularly boiling the aquarium itself (of course, without fish), because the bacterium that calls for granuloma (and other fish ailments) does not tolerate high temperatures.
Plus, our favorite hygiene: long veterinary gloves for diving into the bowels of the aquarium and the obligatory washing of hands after manipulating it.
Cute turtles and their slightly less cute counterparts (lizards and lizards) will not attack you in a fit of rage, will not leave unhealed wounds on your hands for a long time, but they can also do things. How about salmonellosis? Yes, yes, the very one that has long been associated with chicken eggs.
In the United States in the mid-1970s, they even introduced a restriction on the sale of turtles under a certain size, since these babies were mainly bought as gifts for children, and it was they who caused a real epidemic of salmonellosis in the States.
It is for this reason that experts recommend not to have turtles and other exotic reptiles, but if you are unbearable, then it would be nice to start by learning the simplest rules for caring for them. And again our favorite: gi-gi-ee-na!
Do not kiss, do not caress, do not touch these cold-blooded ones at all, but even if suddenly, then wash your hands thoroughly after tactile contact. Clean your terrarium regularly.
Do not let the animal out of it and in no case do not let turtles and the like walk around on kitchen countertops and dining tables. And remember: at risk are primarily children under 5 years of age, for whom salmonellosis is most dangerous.
As an epilogue, I want to, firstly, once again repeat the most important rule: touch the little animal – wash your hands. This will help to avoid the vast majority of sores transmitted from our smaller brothers to us. And in general, keeping the house clean is not a bad habit, plus it will save you from other pets – cockroaches.
And these guys carry so much infection on themselves that it is impossible to describe in three articles. And secondly, before buying a particular animal, carefully weigh the pros and cons and think, do you really need it?
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