(ORDO NEWS) — Type 2 diabetes usually has no significant symptoms until blood sugar levels become persistently high. And when that happens, you may experience five types of pain.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease in which either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body cannot use this insulin effectively. The main task of insulin is to regulate blood sugar levels. Without insulin, blood glucose levels rise to dangerously high levels. And it can cause irreparable damage to all body systems.
One of the consequences of high blood sugar is neuropathic pain, which is also called neuralgia.
Neuralgia is the result of a complication of diabetes called peripheral neuropathy or diabetic neuropathy.
Diabetes.co.uk explains it this way: “Diabetic neuralgia most often occurs when a person with diabetes has very high glucose levels for long periods of time.”
“High glucose levels are thought to negatively affect nerve endings by damaging the blood vessels that feed them.”
According to this organization, the following types of pain can indicate persistently high blood sugar levels:
- Feelings of tingling and tingling;
- Burning sensation;
- Sharp pain;
- Cutting pain;
- Shooting pain.
“Pain can range from moderate to severe. In severe cases, entire areas of the body may become numb.”
Symptoms of High Blood Glucose
Symptoms of hyperglycemia are:
- Intense thirst and dry mouth;
- Frequent urge to urinate;
- Blurred vision;
- Weight loss for no apparent reason;
- Recurrent infections, including stomatitis, infectious diseases of the bladder and skin;
- Stomach ache;
- Feeling that you are sick;
- Fruity breath.
How to behave
You should contact your healthcare provider if you have symptoms of type 2 diabetes or if you are concerned that you are at increased risk of developing the disease, the NHS says.
“The doctor will be able to make a diagnosis. You will need to take a blood test, and for this you will need to go to your local treatment and prevention center.”
The earlier diabetes is diagnosed and the sooner treatment is started, the better.
Experts from the National Health Service emphasize that timely treatment can reduce the risk of developing complications of diabetes.
How to Lower Your Blood Sugar
Once you’ve been diagnosed, you need to take a number of steps to lower your blood glucose levels.
A healthy diet and an active lifestyle will help you control your glucose.
If you have type 2 diabetes, you can eat everything, but some foods still need to be limited.
The most dangerous foods for diabetics are foods with a high glycemic index, which indicates the amount of carbohydrates they contain.
The glycemic index measures how quickly your blood glucose levels rise when you eat a particular food.
Carbohydrate foods with a high glycemic index are quickly broken down in your body and cause a sharp rise in blood sugar levels. Foods with a high glycemic index include:
- Sugar and sweets;
- Sweet soft drinks;
- White bread;
- White rice.
Experts recommend replacing them with low- and medium-glycemic foods, which break down more slowly, causing blood sugar levels to rise more slowly.
These foods include fruits and vegetables, pulses, and whole grains such as oatmeal.
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