Ancient Siberians fermented fish in two-meter pits, archaeologists found out

(ORDO NEWS) — Archaeological work at the Tartas-1 site in the Novosibirsk region made it possible to discover a deep pit in which the ancient inhabitants of the Baraba forest-steppe harvested and fermented fish.

The publication “Problems of Archeology, Ethnography, Anthropology of Siberia and Adjacent Territories” writes about the find of archaeologists.

Research carried out by archaeologists in Western Siberia in recent years has made it possible to single out the Baraba culture of the Early Neolithic, whose carriers made flat-bottomed dishes.

The culture is known from the excavation sites Tartas-1, Ust-Tartas-1 and Vengerovo-2 near Novosibirsk.

Scientists believe that the roots of the Baraba culture go back to the Pleistocene – this is confirmed, in particular, by the tradition of fermenting fish in deep pits.

The next season of excavations at the Tartas-1 site, in which scientists from the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Sciences participated under the supervision of, ended with the discovery of a storage pit with a diameter of two meters and a depth of almost two and a half meters. Ancient representatives of the Baraba culture fermented fish in this pit.

“The remains of fish bones and scales were preserved in the pit, plus stone and bone tools were found. Apparently, the pit was intended for fermenting fish,” the archaeologists say, adding that the object was damaged by later buildings that appeared already in the Bronze Age .

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