(ORDO NEWS) — Schizophrenia is one of the most well-known psychiatric diagnoses, but it is one that most people have a rather vague idea about. Most people associate this disease with obsessions, hallucinations, and the inability to function normally in society.
In fact, with proper treatment, schizophrenics are able to lead relatively normal lives. However, the disease is indeed very dangerous, so it is important to diagnose it in time and receive competent therapy.
What are the symptoms of schizophrenia?
The difficulty of the diagnosis is that it implies a complex mental disorder and often resembles other types of disorders. True schizophrenia is recognized through numerous tests and requires careful examination (often by several specialists at once). Common symptoms that may indicate that a person has this disease include:
- sleep problems, somnambulism;
- emotional disturbances;
- frequent mood swings (from depression to hysterical joy).
However, these symptoms can also occur with other mental illnesses. To determine that a patient suffers from schizophrenia, you need to carefully study his personality and use specialized techniques aimed at diagnosing this particular disease.
What is the danger of schizophrenia?
Not all schizophrenics behave defiantly and instill fear in others. However, the disease is still quite dangerous both for the patient himself and for those around him. This is due to the fact that schizophrenic symptoms periodically worsen, causing new and powerful attacks of anxiety, hallucinations, and suspicions in a person. In this state, it is difficult for the patient to control himself; he often commits impulsive actions.
Therefore, during exacerbations, many patients are placed in a hospital or under the supervision of specialists at home, so that difficult moments are smoothed out as much as possible.
Another danger of schizophrenia lies in the difficulty of diagnosing it. Many patients with this diagnosis have been considered simply strange for years. At the same time, people need real medical help because they simply cannot control themselves.
Schizophrenia is especially difficult to detect in children. Therefore, when the first alarming signs appear in a child, it is better to immediately contact a specialist. Using modern techniques and the experience of previous examinations, the psychiatrist will be able to determine a specific diagnosis and advise parents on how to behave with the child and what type of treatment to choose.
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