Most dangerous parasites of the animal world

(ORDO NEWS) — They can manipulate consciousness, turn the owner into a zombie and cause him severe pain. We are talking about the most unpleasant children of nature – parasites.

Some of them do not harm a person, others can lead to death. We offer you to learn more about parasites, and at the same time wash your hands once again.

1. Loa Loa, or eye worm. This larva parasitizes in the human body, penetrating into the body through the bites of horseflies, and causes loiasis.

Traveling through the organs of the victim for many years, the larva can reach the eyes, and only at this moment can it be detected and eliminated. That’s why the parasite got its creepy nickname.

2. Cymothoa exigua, is a unique parasite that not only eats body parts of its host, but completely replaces everything it has eaten. His middle name is “tongue-eating woodlice”. The woodlouse penetrates the gills and nestles in the body of the spotted pink snapper.

She eats the tongue of her victim, and then begins to eat mucus and, however, regularly “work” instead of the tongue. Cymothoa exigua is not currently considered to pose a threat to humans. However, some researchers argue that there is still a risk of being bitten.

3. Ampulex compressa, or emerald cockroach wasp. This wasp preys on cockroaches and turns them into zombies, partially paralyzing the victim.

The cockroach retains the ability to move, but only with outside help. The emerald wasp leads the cockroach into its hole, lays its eggs on the belly of the victim, and uses its body as food for offspring. After a while, a new generation of wasps appears.

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4. Toxoplasma. This parasite infects rodents and affects the brain to eliminate their fear of cats. The victim becomes more active and willingly explores new territories, thereby becoming easy prey.

As a result, cats eat daredevils, and Toxoplasma reaches its ultimate goal – it begins sexual reproduction in the body of a new owner.

Man, oddly enough, very often turns out to be an intermediate link in this chain. As in the case of rodents, Toxoplasma can affect the human brain, leading the victim to a state of psychosis and provoking the development of schizophrenia.

5. Leucochloridium paradoxum. This type of parasitic flatworm enters the body of the snail and develops in its body. A larva emerges from the eggs, which, in the form of a bright outgrowth, “lives” in the eye tentacle of its prey.

A blinded snail loses its vigilance and no longer hides in the dark from danger. Birds easily spot prey thanks to these bright “eyes”. This is how leucochloridium paradoxum achieves its goal – it enters a new organism, where it lays its eggs. Together with the droppings, they end up in the grass: this is how another cycle begins.

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6. Wolbachia, is a parasitic bacterium that infects up to 20% of insects and causes a variety of effects. Wolbachia controls the reproduction processes of its victims: it destroys the male embryos, while the female victims continue to give birth to offspring without any fertilization.

Also, this parasite has the ability to change the sex of males, so Wolbachia can be safely called a feminist bacterium.

7. Vandellia cirrhosa. This tiny eel lives in the rivers of the Amazon and terrifies the locals. Vandellia usually parasitizes larger fish, climbing into the gills of its prey.

It sticks to the blood vessels and feeds on someone else’s blood. The locals are afraid of the wandellia, as it is believed that it can swim into the anus and parasitize in the human body.

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8. Sacculina, a barnacle that parasitizes in the body of crabs. Sacculina penetrates the prey and grows in the body cavity, sucking out all the nutrients from the crab.

Oddly enough, this does not kill the crab: it subsequently “looks after” the offspring of sacculina, becoming literally a parasite factory. If a male is the victim of barnacle cancer, then sacculina changes its hormonal background so that the crab can cope with the bearing of parasites.

9. Dracunculus medinensis. This representative of roundworms enters the human body through dirty water. Similar to spaghetti, Dracunculus medinensis is able to grow up to a meter in length, developing in the subcutaneous tissue.

Parasitization leads to the formation of abscesses on the body and causes severe pain in the victim. Treating dracunculiasis is frighteningly “simple” – the parasite is removed through a skin incision, gradually winding the worm onto the rod. The winding process can take up to several months.

10. Ophiocordyceps unilateralis, is a parasitic fungus that enters the body of an ant and controls its behavior. The victim is helpless and disoriented, and therefore the ants expel the fellow from their colony.

When the fungus matures, its body blossoms, bursting straight out of the ant’s head. The spores are dispersed by the wind from the fetal body to find another prey.

 

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