(ORDO NEWS) — “Broken pyramid” – Egyptian pyramid in Dahshur, the construction of which is attributed to Pharaoh Sneferu. The southern pyramid in Dahshur is called “broken”, “cut” or “diamond-shaped” for its irregular shape.
Researchers have waited over 5 decades to see what the internal structure of this pyramid looks like.
This video was filmed on November 30, 2020 and is one of the first to show what the interior of this incredible ancient site looks like.
This pyramid was closed to researchers and the public until June 2019, and very few people have had the privilege of entering this incredible ancient site.
The southern pyramid in Dahshur is called “broken”, “cut” or “diamond-shaped” for its irregular shape. It differs from other pyramids of the Old Kingdom in that it has an entrance not only on the north side, which was the norm, but also a second entrance, which is open higher on the west side. The northern entrance is located approximately 12 m above ground level, leading to a sloping corridor that descends into two rooms with ledges.
From these two rooms, a passage leads through the shaft to another small chamber, which also has a ledge in the form of a roof. The entrances on the north side of the pyramid were made during the Old Kingdom. This was due to the religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptians.
Why there is a need for a second, western, entrance here remains a mystery. In this pyramid, no trace of the presence of a sarcophagus was found, which would have been located in these rooms. Sneferu’s name was written in red in two places in the “broken” pyramid. His name was found on a stele that stood inside the fence of the small pyramid.
The burial complex consists of a large pharaoh pyramid and a satellite pyramid. Both of them are surrounded by a stone wall 2 meters thick.
The stone fence is connected to the burial temple by a long embankment road. The temple is located 704 meters from the pyramids, therefore it is called the Meeting Temple (or Valley Temple). Moreover, the remains of one more road were found, going from this temple deep into the valley to another temple. This arrangement of the objects of the burial complex is unique and is not found anywhere else in Egypt.
Height: 105.07 m (~ 200 KR)
Base side length: 188.60 m (~ 360
KR ) Perimeter: 754.4 m;
Area: 35 570 m2
Volume: 1 237 040 m3
Slope: 54 ° 34 ‘and 43 ° 21’
Slope: lower part – 7/5; top – 17/18
Orientation of the sides of the pyramid to four cardinal points (error): ~ 9’12 ”
There are 2 entrances: from the north side at a height of 11 m and from the west side at a height of 33 m.
The pyramid contains two actually unconnected (initially) systems of premises – the Upper and the Lower. The passage between them was broken after construction through the layers of masonry.
At present, the construction of these rooms looks very strange, but this is due to the fact that huge volumes of floors and structures lying on the floors were broken (probably by ancient diggers) and removed in the rooms. So, for example, from the preserved traces of cement in the form of steps in the lowest chamber, it becomes clear that there was a very steep stone staircase here before going to the chamber above.
The cell above also had a high floor or pedestal, and the lower “window” into the vertical well was inaccessible to the pharaoh’s contemporaries. In the upper rooms, in the so-called royal chamber, a large array of Lebanese cedar spacer beams is now visible. In the original, this system was deeply recessed into the masonry and the floor of the cell. Radiocarbon dating of the tree indicated the approximate time of the creation of the pyramid and the reign of Sneferu.
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