Expert: black holes destroy information

(ORDO NEWS) — Black holes could pose a “serious problem” for life in the distant future, as they can erase the basic building blocks of the universe. This was announced by a well-known theoretical physicist in his circles.

Cosmic phenomena such as black holes are formed when massive stars collapse and can continue to grow, absorbing and merging with other black holes. This interaction has been observed for many years, and scientists use it to identify their presence since the radiation from them can only be seen as visible light in outer space. To date, astronomers have discovered many stellar black holes in binary systems and believe that the Milky Way galaxy contains a supermassive black hole.

However, according to a physicist, Ph.D. Alessandro Sfondrini from the Institute for Theoretical Physics, one-day black holes will destroy the Universe:

“Black holes radiate their mass like a hot pot on a stove, losing water as steam. This is called Hawking radiation. Black holes are constantly losing tiny amounts of their mass – an incredibly slow process. It happens constantly and uncontrollably, and as it happens, it accelerates more and more.”

Every solid, liquid, gas, and plasma is composed of neutral or ionized atoms.

“In the distant, distant future, when the last star in the universe is dead for trillions of years, black holes will get smaller and smaller until they evaporate and disappear, leaving behind only a little radiation.”

“But that’s an even bigger problem because in the process of disappearing black holes can remove something fundamental – information. There is nothing tangible in information, it is usually understood as a property of the arrangement of particles. Imagine a bunch of carbon atoms. Arrange them in a certain way and you get coal. Arrange them differently and you get a diamond. Atoms are the same, information changes. If we complicate this and add a few more atoms, we get a banana.”

“The basic building blocks of everything in the universe are the same, and they don’t care if they are part of a bird, a stone, or a cup of coffee. Without information, everything in the universe would be the same. According to the theory of quantum mechanics, information is indestructible. It can change shape, but it never gets lost – for example, if you burn a piece of paper, you get ash. This ash will never become paper again. But if you could carefully collect every carbon atom in the ash and measure the exact properties of the smoke and heat from the fire, you could theoretically recover the paper. The newspaper’s information is still in the universe and has not been lost.”

“Today black holes confuse us. Information tells us how things differ from each other and what they were before. Black holes do the opposite – they take different things and make them the same. They destroy information. This creates an information paradox, and this is a serious problem – fundamental to all of our laws of physics is that information can never be lost. Existing, not existing. Everything is relative without information.”

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