US, WASHINGTON (ORDO NEWS) — In 2020, children in Europe recorded a rare inflammatory syndrome in 2020, including two children who died. According to the preliminary version, the onset of the disease may be associated with coronavirus, suggest WHO and the health authorities of the EU and the US. Prior to this, it was believed that coronavirus for children was generally not dangerous.
Coronavirus may be associated with rare pediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome (paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome, PIMS) in children, said the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). He emphasized that this is only a hypothesis, which requires more in-depth study, but several circumstances indicate a possible connection.
About 230 cases with suspected PIMS were recorded in 2020 in the countries of the European Union and the European Economic Area, as well as in the UK. Two children died, including a 14-year-old teenager in the UK. At the same time, several countries have recently reported cases of hospitalization of children in the intensive care unit due to this syndrome. In some children, tests for coronavirus showed that they were sick at the time of sampling or had already had the disease at that time, said ECDC.
Symptoms of the new syndrome include signs of a rare Kawasaki disease (characteristic of infants and children with arterial inflammation) and toxic shock syndrome: among them are fever, abdominal pain, and heart damage. Reuters also lists other symptoms: a rash, signs of inflammation in the mouth, arms and legs, low blood pressure, blood clotting problems, and acute stomach and intestinal problems.
Prior to this, epidemiological studies have shown that children are less susceptible to COVID-19 disease than adults. Only 2.1% of all laboratory-confirmed cases recorded in the European surveillance system were observed in a group of people from 0 to 14 years old, said ECDC. At the moment, the relationship between coronavirus and a new inflammatory syndrome has not been established, although it seems likely, the Center believes. At present, the risk for children from both diseases of ECDC is rated as low: the risk of coronavirus infection in children is low and the effect of the disease is small, while the likelihood of PIMS is very low, but it carries high risks.
The World Health Organization (WHO), in connection with PIMS, urged medical organizations and health authorities to monitor this rare syndrome, but separately noted that its relationship with coronavirus is still unclear. WHO noted that the syndrome did indeed become more common during a pandemic, but not only in children whose coronavirus tests tested positive. “So far, we know very little about this inflammatory syndrome,” said Maria van Kerkhove, an epidemiologist at the WHO.
Cases of children with new inflammatory syndrome are also being studied by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). They refer to the disease as a multisystemic inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). In New York State alone, at least three children died and 119 cases were confirmed, ABC reported . New York City children did not have the typical symptoms of COVID-19, such as coughing and shortness of breath. But all have tested positive for coronavirus or antibodies to it, said New York State Governor Andrew Cuomo on May 11.
According to the data on May 16, 272,043 cases of coronavirus infection confirmed in Russia. Killed 2537 people with confirmed disease. Worldwide, according to Johns Hopkins University, 4.56 million cases have been identified . Russia is in second place in terms of the number of infected, the first place is taken by the USA (1.44 million cases). The top five are also Great Britain, Spain and Italy.
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