Dyspilian Tablet: Possibly the earliest known written text

(ORDO NEWS) — Although traditional archeology claims that writing was invented in Sumer between 3000 and 4000 BC, an artifact that contradicts this view was found in 1993 in the northern Greek province of Kastoria.

Kastoria is a city in northwestern Greece. Height above sea level – 700 meters. The city is located on the western shore of Lake Kastoria, 50 kilometers northwest of Kozani, 142 kilometers west of Thessaloniki and 353 kilometers northwest of Athens.

The Tablet of Dispilio is a wooden tablet with symbols inscribed on it, dating from between 7260 and 5250 BC. BC.; the tablet was discovered in a settlement on Lake Dispilio, municipality of Makednos in Kastoria, by professor of prehistoric archeology George Churmouziadis.

A group of people formerly occupied a settlement on Lake Dispilio, and the Dispilio Tablet was one of many artifacts found in the area.

Dyspilian Tablet Possibly the earliest known written text 2

The Dispilio Tablet (also known as the Dispilio Scripture or Disc) is a wooden tablet with inscribed symbols (charagmata) dated (according to carbon 14) to about 7300 years (5260 BC) to the present.

Antonios Keramopoulos, a professor at a Greek university, accidentally discovered the lake town of Dispilio in 1932. Archaeological excavations at the site began in 1992 under the direction of George Chourmouziadis, professor of prehistoric archeology at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.

Many artefacts have been unearthed in the lake community of Dispilio, including pottery, structural elements, fruits, bones, figurines, the first Neolithic flute discovered in Europe, and the most important find, the Dispilio Tablets.

The text on the tablet includes a type of engraved script which is probably a form of writing that predated the Linear B used by the Mycenaeans.

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Professor Hourmouziadis has suggested that such writings, which have yet to be deciphered, could be any form of communication, including symbols denoting countable goods. But, unfortunately, we do not yet have the Rosetta Stone to decipher the pre-existing Linear B script!

The tablet suffered some damage when it was abruptly exposed to an oxygen-rich environment outside of the mud and water in which it had been immersed for an extended period of time. Currently, the tablet is on conservation.


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