(ORDO NEWS) — Scientists from CERN managed to detect the mysterious X-particles for the first time during an experiment at the Large Hadron Collider.
At the same time, they were in a special medium called quark-gluon plasma. It was possible to obtain it with the help of a collision between lead ions.
These particles, as experts suggest, did not exist for very long after the Big Bang happened. What they are, scientists cannot yet tell, because they will only study what kind of internal structure these particles have.
Yen-Jee Lee from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology said that in total they managed to fix 100 X particles during the study.
He also noted that immediately after the Big Bang, our Universe was somewhat different and consisted of a completely different substance. Literally for millionths of a second, the Universe was completely filled with incredibly hot plasma, which included quarks and gluons. It was this plasma that was used at the Large Hadron Collider in order to be able to isolate the unique X particles.
But that’s not all that happened to this plasma. Again, in an incredibly short period of time, the plasma combined with particles, which allowed the creation of protons and neutrons. It is they who make up the usual matter, which experts have studied very well today.
It is worth noting that the particles of the quark-gluon plasma during the collision were able to create many other different configurations. For example, these are X particles. Previously, experts assumed that it was not possible to find them, because they are too short-lived.
To do this, it was necessary to develop a special algorithm that helped to find the necessary particles in an incredibly large data stream. At the moment, researchers have very little information about these X particles, but they will soon try to change all this.
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