(ORDO NEWS) — Some time ago, archaeological excavations were conducted on the territory of Georgia, during which it was possible to discover an ancient human tooth.
Its age reaches the mark of 1.8 million years. The tooth belonged to one of the early human species. Scientists suggest that the earliest prehistoric human settlements on the territory of Europe could be located in this region.
Researchers found the tooth in the immediate vicinity of the village of Kvemo-Orozmani, which is located 100 km from the capital of Georgia, Tbilisi. It is worth paying attention to the fact that a little more than 20 years ago, skulls of people whose age was 1.8 million years were already found in this region.
Scientists say that the Dmanisi discovery is the most ancient discovery made outside of Africa. As a result, it was possible to obtain new information about how human evolution took place. The discovery made it possible to make completely new models of migration.
Experts emphasized that the discovery is proof that the first people lived in the mountains of the South Caucasus. This area was the first refuge for them after they left the borders of Africa.
“Kwemo-Orozmani and Dmanisi are today considered to be the place where early Homo sapiens left the borders of Africa for the first time in ancient times,” experts say.
Giorgi Bidzinashvili, who is the scientific director of the excavations, said that the discovered tooth belonged to “a cousin of Mzia and Zezva. These are the names scientists have given to two skulls, 1.8 million years old, which were found in this area. It is worth noting that they were preserved in a fairly good condition.
All over the world, the oldest fossils of Homo sapiens are considered to be those whose age is 2.8 million years. A part of the jaw of exactly this age was discovered on the territory of modern Ethiopia.
Scientists are sure that Homo erectus (hunter-gatherers) began their migration from Africa about 2 million years ago. Their tools were found on the territory of China, but at the same time, even older remains outside Africa were discovered precisely in the settlements of Georgia.
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