(ORDO NEWS) — On July 20 from the Japanese space center Tanegashima aboard the H-IIA launch vehicle the automatic interplanetary station Hope was launched, which went to Mars as part of the Emirates Mars Mission.
Initially, the launch was scheduled for July 14, but it was postponed twice due to storm clouds over the spaceport.
The spacecraft “Nadezhda” belongs to the United Arab Emirates (UAE), which means we have the first case in history when an Arab country has organized a scientific mission to another planet.
— Hope Mars Mission (@HopeMarsMission) July 19, 2020
It is noteworthy that this summer two more missions will start to Mars , which have been prepared by China and the United States.
Emirates Mars Mission
The “Hope” probe will create a detailed map of the lower layers of the Martian atmosphere, which will allow predicting the changeable weather of the Red Planet. It should be noted that this is very important for the upcoming colonization of the neighboring planet.
A whole Martian year, which is almost twice as long as the Earth, “Nadezhda” will continuously collect invaluable data and transmit them to Earth. After that, the mission will probably be extended, transferring it to the passive phase.
The spacecraft received three main instruments:
- Emirates eXploration Imager (EXI) – multi-range camera for obtaining images with a spatial resolution of 8 kilometers;
- Emirates Mars Infrared Spectrometer (EMIRS) – an infrared spectrometer for studying the temperature profiles of various particles in the atmosphere;
- Emirates Mars Ultraviolet Spectrometer (EMUS) is an ultraviolet spectrometer for measuring oxygen and hydrogen concentrations in the upper atmosphere.
Hope will enter Mars orbit in February 2021.
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