(ORDO NEWS) — Astronomers have determined that the star S62, orbiting the supermassive black hole Sagittarius A * at the center of the Milky Way, is the fastest moving star in our galaxy.
According to a study published in The Astrophysical Journal, the star S62 is in an extremely elongated orbit, accelerating to more than eight percent of the speed of light. This is enough to observe the relativistic time dilation.
Time dilation effect
If we assume that a group of scientists were sent to the star S62 to collect data, then they would have disagreements with earth scientists. The fact is that scientists on Earth and scientists on a star would move at different speeds (with a serious difference), so the course of time would be different for them.
Time deceleration is the difference in elapsed time measured by two hours, either because they have different speeds relative to each other or because of the difference in gravitational potential between their locations.
For example, Earth scientists would determine that it takes N amount of time for a star to move from point A to point B, but scientists on the star would say it takes N-1 time to move. This is what tremendous speed can do over time.
The time dilation effect, which is the basis of Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity, is observed at any speed, but it becomes noticeable when the speed of light is approached. At 8% the speed of light, the effect of time dilation is almost invisible, but with the help of highly sensitive instruments, the difference is recorded, and this is an excellent opportunity to study the special theory of relativity in practice.
According to the study, due to the elongated orbit of S62, the star will converge with the black hole Sagittarius A * within two years. When this happens, scientists will be ready for some interesting observations: not only will they see bizarre physics in action, but they will also be able to learn more about black holes than ever before.
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