Russian scientists are creating a neurointerface that speeds up brain function

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(ORDO NEWS) — Scientists from Nizhny Novgorod State University named after N.I. Lobachevsky (NNSU) and Kaliningrad Baltic Federal University named after Immanuel Kant have teamed up to develop a revolutionary neural interface using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS).

This interface could significantly speed up reactions in older adults and has potential applications in medicine and sports.

TMS is a method of stimulating the cerebral cortex with short magnetic pulses that is already widely used to treat various psychological and neurological disorders such as depression and attention deficit disorder. Now scientists plan to use this technology to speed up human reactions.

Professor of the Department of Neurotechnology at UNN Susanna Gordleyeva emphasized: “TMS can be effective not only for treatment, but also for accelerating reactions, which is useful in rehabilitation after injuries of the musculoskeletal system and for improving sports training.”

Researchers from Lobachevsky University have already made significant progress in accelerating the functioning of areas of the brain responsible for processing visual commands and coordinating movements.

Their study involved studying brain activity based on a well-known optical illusion, the Necker Cube, which can be perceived as pointing left or right depending on interpretation.

The results of the study showed that magnetic stimulation of active areas of the brain accelerated task completion by 20%, and this effect lasted up to an hour and a half.

Scientists now hope that subsequent sessions of magnetic stimulation may make the faster brain responses more permanent. Brain states in which information processing was impaired were recorded by an ultra-precise neural network.

Based on this data, the researchers developed a machine learning method that can predict the human brain’s errors in responses to visual stimuli or in tests of motor coordination.

It is important to note that in 2024, scientists from Nizhny Novgorod State University plan to create a neural interface that can speed up reactions in real time. To do this, they are going to use deep machine learning technology, which will allow them to predict possible errors in the human brain and send magnetic impulses to correct them.

These studies are carried out within the framework of the federal program “Priority 2030” with the active participation of scientists from the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University.


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