Robotic knight by Leonardo da Vinci

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(ORDO NEWS) — Mentions of the merits of Leonardo da Vinci are always present in the discussion of ancient robots. It is not surprising that the genius of Leonardo tried to create artificial people and animals.

By studying the work of Heron and combining it with his own knowledge of anatomy, metallurgy and sculpture, Leonardo created his own artificial creatures. Due to his understanding of the mechanics of human and animal movements, he developed mechanical models of muscles and joints.

Perhaps several pages from Leonardo’s Codex Atlanticus notebook were devoted to robotics.

For the competition in Milan, Leonardo built his own armored knight that could move independently. With the help of pulleys, scales and gears, the knight could sit down, stand up, move his head and raise his visor. In 2002, roboticist Marc Rosheim recreated the knight using descriptions left over from that time.

Leonardo’s robotic designs were so effective that they inspired the robots that Rosheim created at NASA.

Another work of Leonardo’s was a lion which he presented to King Francis I of France in 1515. The lion could walk on his own, and his chest opened when he stopped, and bouquets of roses and lilies appeared from it. In 2009, this lion was recreated according to Leonardo’s drawings.


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