Electricity in antiquity facts and hypotheses

(ORDO NEWS) — Archaeologists often find mysterious objects that do not fit into our current understanding of ancient cultures. A good example is the various mysterious artifacts that testify to much more advanced ancient technologies such as electricity.

Archaeologists have discovered many objects whose existence is inexplicable and does not fit into the official history. And yet they exist.

Judging by these artifacts, the ancient Greeks were able to create analogues of a computer (the Antikythera mechanism), used galvanic cells, and the Egyptians used incandescent lamps.

What are these artifacts?

Electricity in Ancient Times: Baghdad Batteries

Some of the most important finds that testify to the use of electricity in ancient times are the Baghdad batteries. In 1936, during excavations near Baghdad, the Austrian archaeologist Wilhelm Koenig discovered ceramic pots made more than two thousand years ago.

In these jugs, about 15 centimeters high, he found copper cylinders about 2.6 centimeters in diameter, and in these cylinders an iron rod. All of these components were coated with an unknown mixture that held them together.

In his book Paradise Lost, Wilhelm Koenig described the find in detail:

“The upper end of the rod protruded about an inch above the cylinder and was covered with a thin, light yellow, fully oxidized layer of lead-like metal. The lower end of the iron rod did not reach the bottom of the cylinder, which had a layer of asphalt about three millimeters.”

But why were the Baghdad batteries made? Do not forget that the 3-2 century BC was one of the most fruitful periods in the development of technology and science, according to historians.

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Illustration of the mechanism of the Baghdad battery. All you have to do is fill it with vinegar or acid

A few years later, Koenig published an unexpected conjecture. The pot could serve as a galvanic cell. In other words, a battery.

Later experiments confirmed this. Scientists created an exact copy of the Baghdad battery, filled it with 5% vinegar, turned on a voltmeter and realized that a voltage of 0.5 volts arose between iron and copper.

Electricity in Ancient Egypt?

Just as aliens are present in the art of the ancient Egyptians, there are reliefs that testify to the use of electricity in ancient times.

Peter Crassa and Reinhard Habeck, two authors dedicated to proving this idea, state:

“Electric lighting existed in ancient Egypt.”

The main argument is the relief from the temple of the goddess Hathor in Dendera, created around 50 BC, during the time of Cleopatra.

This relief depicts an Egyptian priest holding an oblong object in his hands, resembling a bulb of an electric lamp. A snake wriggles inside the flask, its head turned to the sky. This relief is today known as the Dendera lamp.

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Reliefs in the Temple of Hathor, whose images raise so many questions

For Crassus and Habek, everything is clear. According to them, this relief is a technical drawing… The strange object is the lamp, and the snake allegorically represents the thread.

With the help of such lamps, the Egyptians illuminated dark corridors and rooms. An excellent theory, but extremely unlikely given our current knowledge of the ancient Egyptians and cultures in general.

Egyptologists, by contrast, interpret the reliefs quite differently. They believe that the relief is full of symbolism and does not suggest the use of electricity in ancient times.

Reality and its image do not match. The elements of Egyptian hieroglyphs are more like words and phrases that need to be understood.

According to experts, the relief in Dendera depicts the heavenly barge of the sun god Ra. According to Egyptian beliefs, the sun dies every night and rises at dawn. Here it is symbolized by a snake, which, as they believed in the country of the pharaohs, is reborn every time it takes off its skin.

What can we understand from these discoveries, theories and possibilities?

If we assume that the reliefs depict a device similar to Baghdad batteries, and ancient civilizations used similar lighting methods, then it should be noted that their capacity is extremely small. After all, experiments with Baghdad batteries gave no more than 0.5 volts, which is not enough to illuminate anything.

Even if in ancient times rooms were lit with half- or one-watt light bulbs, the power would be like a flash of light, not a successive beam of light.

The minimum number of such batteries should be 40 if we want to achieve any positive effect. And such a design will be terribly heavy and uncomfortable. However, it confirms the thesis that electricity did exist in ancient times.

After all, even today there are no such giant incandescent lamps as depicted in this relief. At the very least, it would be dangerous to others. The destructive power of a lamp under atmospheric pressure increases with increasing volume.

Although the Baghdad batteries were supposedly used for such purposes, it is highly unlikely that they were common or available in large quantities.

On the other hand, we should not underestimate our ancient ancestors. Who knows how many countless technologies and achievements in science have disappeared over the centuries.

Perhaps entire areas of science were lost, which led to such incredible progress of ancient civilizations that we still cannot explain. Perhaps electricity existed in ancient times, and it was either deliberately hidden from us, or simply lost in time.

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