What is the Sun of the chemical composition of our star

(ORDO NEWS) — The shining star in our sky has always attracted the eye. But what is inside this huge fireball?

We live thanks to the light of this star, but we do not know much about it. For example, do you know what the Sun is made of?

The Sun is a 4.5 billion year old star that is a hot, glowing ball of hydrogen and helium. It is the largest object in our entire solar system and our source of life. Here are some numbers that will help you understand how huge our star is:

– The total volume of the Sun is 1.4×10 27 cubic meters. About 1.3 million Earths can fit inside a star.

– The diameter of the Sun is 100 times the diameter of the Earth and 10 times the diameter of the largest planet in the solar system, Jupiter.

– The mass of the Sun is 1.989 × 1030 kilograms , which is about 333,000 times the mass of the Earth.

All objects in our system revolve around the Sun due to its gravity: pieces of space debris, 8 planets, 5 dwarf planets, thousands of asteroids and about 3 trillion comets and icy bodies. Not surprisingly, the entire system is named after the Sun, because its mass is 99.8% of its mass.

What is the sun made of

Like a chocolate candy with nuts, a layer of caramel, vanilla cream, a layer of fruit and chocolate icing, the Sun has several layers in its structure.

About 3/4 of the sun is hydrogen, whose atoms are constantly fusing together to create helium through a process called nuclear fusion.

And helium, in turn, occupies a little less than the other 1/4. The remaining 1.69% of the mass is various metals and gases: iron, nickel, oxygen, silicon, sulfur, magnesium, carbon, neon, calcium, chromium.

The sun is made up of 6 main layers:

  • Nucleus
  • Radiation zone
  • Convective zone
  • Photosphere
  • Chromosphere
  • Crown

But there are also 2 transitional layers:

  • Tachocline
  • Transitional region

Since the core, radiation and convection zones are inside and hidden, while the photosphere, chromosphere and corona are on the surface and can be seen, they are called the inner and outer parts, respectively.


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