(ORDO NEWS) — Astronomers have studied rocky planets that pass too close to their stars and are strongly affected by gravitational forces.
Such planets are called hot planets and they can have very extreme conditions such as temperatures over 2000 degrees Celsius and strong winds.
The researchers used data from the Kepler and TESS telescopes to study hot planets and understand what happens to their surfaces and atmospheres under such extreme conditions.
Astronomers have discovered that some hot planets experience powerful geological processes, such as volcanic eruptions and powerful earthquakes.
In addition, the researchers found that hot planets have very diverse atmospheres.
On some planets, the presence of metals has been detected, which can fall in the form of drops on the surface of the planet and form metal pools.
On other planets, a strong gas leak has been discovered, which can affect the development of life on such planets.
The study helped refine our knowledge of hot planets and how they evolve under extreme conditions.
Such planets can help us better understand the processes taking place in space and help us learn to detect signs of life on other planets in the future.
Rocky planets are planets that are assumed to be composed primarily of rocky materials such as silicon, iron, magnesia, as well as metallic compounds.
These planets are often referred to as terrans (from the Latin word “Terra”, meaning Earth) due to their similarity to our planet in size and composition.
Rocky planets may have a solid surface and an atmosphere that is made up of gases such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen.
Some of these planets are in the habitable zone of their stars and therefore may have the potential for life to develop.
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