The Great Flood or how the Earth “stole” all the water from Mars. Will it happen again soon?
(ORDO NEWS) — Everything that has already happened, what is happening now, is inextricably linked with what will be very soon. This article hypothesizes that the Great Flood was caused by the fact that the comet Venus displaced the planet Mars from orbit and it approached the Earth, which caused an electrical discharge as a result of which all the water from the oceans of Mars was transferred to Earth and the place where ” heavenly abyss opened up “- Antarctica. In addition, there is a connection between the description of the Apocalypse with what is happening on Earth today.
The time of a sudden global cooling and glaciation of the Earth, when such large animals as mammoths finally disappeared from the face of the Earth, is also known as the late Dryas, a period of global cooling that lasted from 12,900 to 11,700 years ago (10,900 BC to 9700 BC), during which the temperature dropped to the surface so sharply that mammoths froze alive with the grass in their mouths, which they chewed at the moment of the “cold blow”…
Theoretically, such a strong cooling should increase the volume of polar ice and, consequently, lower sea levels. However, during the earlier Dryas, sea levels rose by 17 meters over more than a millennium, as shown in the graph below. Sea level VS global temperature (20,000 barrels – now).
If the sea level rose during the formation of the ice caps, the water source may have been external. But where could this water come from?
Coincidentally or not, much of the northern hemisphere of Mars was once covered in water, and this Martian ocean mysteriously disappeared. Where did the Martian water go? Sea Levels on Earth The Early Dryas was caused by impacts of large meteorites (about 12,900 years ago) on the Laurentide Ice Sheet. These impacts likely melted huge amounts of ice and caused sea levels to rise. However, the 1,200 years of low temperatures that followed should have frozen at least part of the water and lower the sea level, but the sea level rose sharply over those 1,200 years.
In the northwest of Greenland, a crater with a diameter of 31 km was discovered under a kilometer-thick layer of ice. Studies of rocks and ice have shown that the crater has an impact origin and that it should have formed relatively recently – 11.7 thousand years ago, in the late Pleistocene.
In any case, the impact of meteorites on the Laurentide Ice Sheet (the vast ice sheet in eastern North America.) Can only explain a small portion of the 17-meter rise in sea level observed during the Younger Dryas.
Reconstruction of the history of melting glaciers shows that the main flow of melt water to the north was directed 13 100-12 500 years ago, at the beginning of the Early Dryas. The outflow entered the Arctic Ocean through the Mackenzie River, Fram Strait, and eventually reached the eastern North Atlantic.
On the other hand, geomorphological evidence suggests that ice still blocked north and east routes to the St. Lawrence Seaway until the end of the Late Dryas. Sea level curves for Tahiti, New Guinea and Barbados show a slight rise (less than 6 meters) about 13,000 years ago, near the beginning of the Late Dryas, which may have resulted from this flood.
A 7 ° C drop in temperature should result in a drop in sea level of about 28 meters (~ 4 m / ° C). However, as shown in the chart above, sea level rose by about 17 meters during the Late Dryas, while the melting of the Laurentide ice cap should have raised sea level by 6 meters.
This means that about 39 meters of additional water (17 + 28-6) was added to the Earth’s surface. Keep in mind that these three numbers are rough estimates based on a number of hypotheses. However, they give us an order of magnitude.
Water on Mars
In 1666, the famous astronomer Cassini, using simple telescope observations, observed ice polar caps and clouds on Mars and concluded that Mars apparently had water.
Cassini’s point of view prevailed for several centuries, but modern science rejected Cassini’s claim, and the new doctrine was that there is no water on Mars at all. It was only recently, thanks to the massive data flow from Mars probes and rovers, that it became apparent that Mars did indeed have water at some point in the past. Topographic map of Mars with its ocean Mars had enough water to cover its entire surface with a liquid layer about 140 meters deep. However, about 85% of this water “disappeared” (the remaining 15% is stored under ice at the poles).
Apparently, Martian water was not evenly distributed over the planet’s surface. According to a recent topographic study, most of the Martian water was stored in the north of the planet, in a single ocean, with a volume similar to Earth’s Arctic Ocean.
If this water were somehow transported to Earth, it would cause the sea level to rise by about 34 meters. In terms of size, this figure is comparable to the above-mentioned estimate of 39 meters.
How could Mars lose water?
As already noted, most of the water on Mars “disappeared”. Modern science offers two explanations for this: an underground leak and a leak into space.
An underground leak is extremely unlikely because there are no known tectonic plates on Mars and therefore no subduction, which is the main phenomenon through which surface waters are carried underground.
A leak into space claims that Mars lost its magnetic field about 4.2 billion years ago, and, stripped of this protection, solarwinds robbed the planet of its atmosphere and most of its water for several hundred million years.
However, this is incorrect for one simple reason: in the upper half of the northern hemisphere of Mars (where the Martian Ocean was once located), much smaller and much smaller craters have been found than in the rest of the planet.
In 2011, Robbins et al. Published a list of about 400,000 craters in a database. The image above is taken from this article and shows the geographic distribution of Martian craters (30 to 50 km in diameter). Obviously, most of the northern hemisphere of Mars has a much lower concentration of craters than the rest of the planet.
If the Martian ocean disappeared about 4 billion years ago, how can we explain that the Martian ocean floor is almost devoid of evidence of collision with asteroids, while the rest of the planet is covered in craters? One possible explanation could be that most collisions with Mars occurred over 4 billion years ago, when the ocean was still there and acted as a silencer, preventing craters on the surface of Mars.
However, this explanation doesn’t seem to work. Despite the almost complete absence of an atmosphere, violent dust storms occur on Mars, destroying craters. Given that Robbins et al. Have identified “well-preserved” craters on Mars, these craters should be relatively recent.
The geographical distribution of this type of crater shows the same pattern: there are less recent craters at the site of the Martian Ocean compared to the rest of the planet.
The foregoing strongly suggests that Mars lost water much later than official science claims.
Interplanetary electrical discharge
The theory of the electric universe implies that all celestial bodies (planets, stars, moons, comets, etc.) are electrically charged. In addition, such bodies are surrounded by a kind of “isolation bubble”.
When two celestial bodies, for example two planets, come close enough to each other, an electrical discharge is generated from the most negative planet to the most positive, in order to balance the electrical charge of the two planets. Electric discharges between celestial bodies have been observed several times.
– Between Comet Shoemaker-Levy’s G fragment and Jupiter.
The Hubble Space Telescope detected a Shoemaker-Levy “G” flash well before the collision, 2.3 million miles from Jupiter. This flare could have occurred when the fragment crossed the plasma envelope of Jupiter or the boundary of the magnetosphere. Electric Discharge Between Jupiter and Comet Shoemaker-Levy – Between Io, one of Jupiter’s moons, and Jupiter: In November 1979, renowned astrophysicist Thomas Gold suggested that the giant plumes on Io were not volcanic, but evidence of electrical discharges. Years later, in an article by Peratt and Alex Dessler that followed Gold’s proposal, the discharges were shown to have a “plasma gun effect” that creates a parabolic torch profile.
Io displays a powerful electrical discharge
– Object 34 by Herbig Haro.
Here, electrical discharges in the form of Birkeland interstellar currents occur between protostars and protoplanets: Electrical discharge along celestial objects HH34 Electric discharges between celestial bodies are very similar to arc welding. When a negatively charged electrode is brought close enough to a positively charged part, an electric arc occurs, ionized air (plasma), and electrons move in the plasma (in the so-called “Birkeland currents”) from the electrode (rod) to the workpiece to balance the electrical charges.
Note that during arc welding, electrons are not the only material transferred from the electrode to the work piece; The (negatively charged) molten metal from the tip of the electrode is carried away to the positively charged weld portion.
Another characteristic feature of such electrical discharges is “electrical scars”. These fractal patterns are known as Lichtenberg figures. Lichtenberg is the physicist who discovered this phenomenon in 1777. Note that the polarity of the scratched material had a marked effect on the shape of Lichtenberg figure.
There is also a noticeable difference in the shape of the pattern depending on the polarity of the electric charge applied to the plate. If the charge regions were positive, a wide spreading spot is visible on the plate, consisting of a dense core, from which branches extend in all directions. The negatively charged regions are much smaller and have a sharp round or fan-shaped border, completely devoid of branches. Heinrich Rudolf Hertz used Lichtenberg figures in his seminal work proving Maxwell’s theory of electromagnetic waves.
The relative polarity of Mars and Earth.
In our solar system, the sun is the most positive body. Therefore, the further from the Sun the planet is, the more negative its electrical potential. Farther from the Sun than Earth, Mars’ electrical potential is lower than Earth’s. Sun, Earth, heliosphere: relative electric charges As a consequence, if an electrical discharge occurred between Mars and Earth, it began with the most negatively charged body (Mars) and spread towards the most positively charged body (Earth). Mars was cathode (negatively charged) and was devoid of material (gases, rocks, water), and electrical scars should form craters that hit at a high point, forming craters and steep trenches.
If the surface is a cathode (negatively charged), the arc will tend to move across the surface. After impact, usually at a high point, and the crater collapses, the arc can jump to a new high point – the edge of a new crater is the most likely target.
This predictable behavior is evidenced by the abundance of small craters centered on the edges of the larger ones. As the arc moves, it can break a series of craters into a line, appearing as a chain of craters.
If craters in these chains overlap, a trench with steep sides and jagged edges is obtained. An arc can blur a trench some distance and then bounce a distance before breaking up another trench. These “dotted line” trenches usually have round ends and a constant width. All of these patterns are found in abundance on the surface of Mars.
Signs of an electrical discharge on Mars
If a powerful electrical discharge has occurred between Mars and Earth, can any trace of the large (negative) Lichtenberg figure be found on Mars, as described above? Valles Marineris One of the main geological features of Mars is Valles Marineris. With a length of over 4,000 km, a width of 200 km and a depth of up to 7 km, it is the largest canyon in the entire solar system and extends over almost a quarter of the planet’s area. Valles Marineris Conventional science suggests that the Marineris Canyon was formed by water erosion billions of years ago. However, this explanation does not resemble some of the characteristics of Valles Marineris:
In the Marineris canyon, the “outflow” is as narrow as the “tributary”, and the middle of the track is its widest part. Overall, the width is fairly constant, in contrast to rivers, which tend to expand over time.
Valles Marineris ‘course’ does not go down the slope. It occasionally “runs” uphill, although there are no signs of damage – such as rifts – which would be expected if topographic changes were caused by later vertical movement of the terrain.
Valles-Mariner shows no signs of inflow of “rivers”. The two main “rivers” that can be imagined run parallel to each other. The secondary “river” joins the main river at almost right angles, in contrast to the converging path usually shown by tributaries joining the main river.
Transverse marks are visible at the bottom of the canyon, in contrast to riverbeds, which tend to have longitudinal marks formed by river flow.
“Tributaries” have a V-shaped cross-section, while water erosion usually forms U-shaped river beds.
The shores are very deep (7 km) and very steep. The banks show no signs of water erosion and no characteristic horizontal markings. In contrast, the surface exhibits a vertical chevron pattern.
Although the features of Valles Marineris contradict the theory of water erosion, they are very consistent with the distinctive features of (negative) electrical scarring:
When the planets approach each other, giant interplanetary lightning strikes occur. This discharge is perfectly capable of cleaning the planet from stones and gases, overcoming the insignificant force of gravity. This leaves characteristic scars.
The parallelism of the canyons is due to the long-range magnetic attraction of the current filaments and their strong electrostatic repulsion at a short distance.
Particularly important are the small parallel grooves, which consist mainly of chains of craters. The traveling underground explosion follows the thunderstorm belt and clearly forms the canyons of the V-shaped tributary.
There are no landslides associated with cutting the water flow. Likewise, a V-shaped cross-section is common for craters created by underground nuclear explosions. The round ends of the tributaries, where the explosion began, have exactly this shape.
By comparison, downward erosion from groundwater depletion produces a U-shaped cross-section and does not necessarily end in a circular niche.
Note that some of the tributary canyons at the southern edge of the Valles Marineris cross each other at almost right angles. This could be due to repetitive discharges from the same area, pursuing the main blow as it moved along Yus Chasm. No form of water erosion can form such intersecting channels.
The grooved appearance of the main canyon walls is probably related to the same moving explosive action.
Interestingly, Valles Marineris is bordered by an ocean that once covered most of the Mars ocean. If the Mariner Valley were the site of an electrical discharge between Mars and Earth, the nearby Martian Ocean would certainly be affected and possibly transferred.
Evidence of material transfer from Mars to Earth.
As mentioned above, a powerful electrical discharge from Mars to Earth could remove a significant amount of rock from the Valles Mariner. So, before looking for signs of a strong (positive) electrical discharge on Earth, let’s see if there is any evidence of Martian rocks on Earth.
According to the Meteorite Society, as of 2019, 237 Martian meteorites were found on Earth .. So, the transfer of material from Mars has occurred.
It can be assumed that this phenomenon is very ancient and happened billions of years ago, when the planets were forming, when asteroids raged, and orbits were unstable. But the data shows that this is not the case at all.
While most of the Martian meteorites are not known when they land, some are dated – most notably, the Martian meteorite, commonly referred to as ALH84001, was discovered in 1984. Its estimated time of arrival on Earth was estimated at 13,000 years ago (11,000 BC).
The origin of ALH84001 is Valles Marineris due to its geological nature (orthopyroxenite), which is the only place where orthopyroxene has been found (through spectral analysis). In fact, ALH84001 is the only Martian meteorite with orthopyroxene. No other similar meteorite has been found on Earth. Martian meteorite ALH84001 It is interesting to note that due to its carbonate content, ALH84001 is the only meteorite originating from the time period during which Mars had liquid water. ALH84001 is the abbreviation for ALlan Hills 84001. Allan Hills is located along the southern coast of Antarctica. Now let’s recap some of the key characteristics of the ALH84001: – Originally from Valles Marineris.
– At the time of arrival on Earth, Mars was a water planet.
– He landed on Earth 13,000 years ago.
“They found him in Antarctica.
It would be interesting to know if some of the Martian meteorites originate from its oceanic rocks. Unfortunately, the geological composition of Mars’ oceanic bedrock is unknown because it is covered with thick sediment. However, the mineralogical composition of the Martian dry ocean coastline is known and is directly related to some Martian meteorites found on Earth.
Indeed, there is a rare type of Martian meteorite called “nahlit”. So far, only 21 specimens have been found on Earth. Nakhlites are rich in augite (a silicon-based mineral) and formed from basaltic magma about 1.3 billion years ago.
Due to the composition and age of the Nakhlites, they are believed to originate from one of three Martian volcanic regions: Tharsis, Elysium, or Syrtis.
Interestingly, as shown in the map above, each of these three volcanic mountains is located just off the coast of what was once the Martian Ocean.
Of the 21 nakhlite meteorites that reached Earth, 7 were found in Antarctica – this is 33%. This is a high percentage, knowing that only about 12% of all meteorites that have reached Earth have been found in Antarctica. By mass, 16.9 kg of nakhlite meteorites were found in Antarctica, which is 54% of the total mass of nakhlite meteorites.
Finally, nakhlite meteorites are believed to have fallen to Earth about 10,000 years ago. This figure is pretty close to the date of arrival of ALH84001 (13,000 years ago).
Are there signs of electrical discharge on Earth?
If a powerful electrical discharge from the Marineris Valley hit the Earth, where did it happen?
There are several canyons on Earth, including the Grand Canyon, which have traces of electrical scars. However, the above data on Martian meteorites show a strong proximity of Martian meteorites to Antarctica. Spectroradiometry of Princess Elizabeth Land Does the bedrock of Antarctica have any signs of positive electrical scarring, ie a massive canyon-like geological feature? It really is.
As shown in the satellite image above, according to geological surveys in 2016, Antarctica is considered the largest canyon on Earth: the largest unexplored region on the icy continent is the region called Princess Elizabeth Land.
A team of geologists have now scanned the area to reveal a massive subglacial lake and a series of canyons, one of which – more than twice the length of the Grand Canyon – may be considered the largest on Earth.
At this point, Martian meteorites and traces of electrical scars point to Antarctica as a potential Mars-Earth transition site. But what about the core of the whole process; water?
If Mars lost most of its water and it moved to Earth, there must be some evidence of this massive transfer of water on our planet in general and in Antarctica in particular.
Could some of the Antarctic ice sheet be of Martian origin? To answer this question, let’s first observe the Antarctic ice sheet and then compare it to its Arctic counterpart. Topographic map of Antarctica The Antarctic ice sheet is massive. It contains about 30 million km of ice cubes. This accounts for over 70% of the Earth’s fresh water. By comparison, the Arctic ice sheet over Greenland is only 2.9 million cubic kilometers.
By volume, the Northern Ice Sheet makes up less than 10% of the Antarctic ice sheet. Note also that Antarctica does not form a single solid continent. It looks more like an archipelago made up of several massive islands separated by deep sea stretches, as shown in the map above.
Between the islands covered by the Antarctic ice sheet, the rock formation can reach 2500 meters below sea level .. This means that in some places the ice sheet is more than 4 km thick – 1.5 km above sea level and 2.5 km below sea level ( see Cross section of Antarctica below). Antarctic section
For comparison: Arctic sea ice reaches a maximum thickness of 4 meters with ridges up to 20 meters, although the average depth of the Arctic Ocean is 1,038 meters, which is comparable to the depth of the Antarctic “ocean”.
The question then arises: why is there much more ice in Antarctica than in the Arctic? Why does Antarctica ice extend 2,500 meters below sea level and reach bedrock, while Arctic ice is just 4 meters thick floating in the ocean?
According to mainstream science, the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheet formed from the gradual accumulation of snow year after year. This suggests that much more snowfall fell in Antarctica. But the data shows the opposite. Indeed, Antarctica is one of the driest places on Earth, with only 18 cm / year of precipitation, while in the Arctic region this figure is almost double this indicator – 32 cm / year.
If Antarctica receives less snow than the Arctic region, the only explanation for ten times more ice is less melting. Maybe Antarctica is much colder than the Arctic? Once again, the data suggests otherwise.
As shown in the graph below, the Arctic has been much colder than Antarctica for centuries. For the past 11,000 years, Antarctica has been slightly colder than the Arctic. Temperatures in the Arctic and Antarctica Also note in this same graph for the close correlation between the reconstruction of the temperature of the Greenland (GISP2) and East (Antarctica) ice cores from today to the Late Dryas. What we see is about 11 thousand years BP, a decorrelation has suddenly occurred and is marked. Between 11,000 years ago and now, the two temperature curves are very similar in shape. Until that time (from 50 thousand years to 11 thousand years ago) the two curves completely diverged. Do these two curves tell you about the environmental conditions of two different planets?
In any case, no endogenous causes (difference in snowfall, temperature difference) can explain the noticeable difference in depth and volume between the Antarctic ice sheet and the Arctic one. However, a massive and sudden influx of exogenous water (in the form of ice) into Antarctica could explain these discrepancies.
How could Mars get so close to Earth?
Mars has the second highest eccentricity of all the planets in the solar system. Large eccentricity usually indicates that orbits have been disturbed in the recent past. Because of this noticeable eccentricity, Mars can approach Earth as close as 56 million km / s, as shown in the diagram below. In comparison, the tail of Earth’s magnetosphere extends over 6 million km (blue and purple ellipses in the image above).
So, in terms of electricity, Mars is only one order from Earth. However, the normal distance between Earth and Mars is too great for an electrical discharge between the two planets. But could some kind of cosmic destruction lead the two planets to an abnormal convergence?
The obvious agent for such massive orbital disruption would be a comet, but large enough to drive Mars, which is ten times heavier than the Moon, out of its original orbit.
This scenario is, in fact, the main theory developed by Emanuel Velikovsky in his work “Worlds Clash”, published in 1950.
Using mostly comparative mythology, Velikovsky theorized that Venus was originally a comet that disrupted Mars’ orbit and then approached Earth.
Leaders of science ruthlessly criticized Velikovsky’s catastrophism theory because it directly threatened their fundamental paradigm, uniformitarianism, without which the church of materialistic progress and its Darwinian atheistic creed would inevitably collapse.
In addition to this, Velikovsky based his work on religious texts and showed that they can contain more scientific data than previously thought.
Velikovsky realized that if his scenario was correct, several predictions could be made about existing astronomical bodies. After all, the strength of a theory is based on its predictive ability. Velikovsky’s predictions completely contradicted the views prevailing at that time.
Decade after decade, space programs have provided additional data to validate Velikovsky’s claims. Unexpectedly, most of them were confirmed. Among the most notable predictions were Jupiter’s radio signal, the Sun’s net electric charge, and Earth’s magnetosphere extending beyond the Moon.
However, an analysis of all of Velikovsky’s true predictions is beyond the scope of this article.
Since we have already gathered information about a possible collision of Mars and Earth, we will now focus on the last piece of the puzzle: is Venus a comet? And, in particular, Velikovsky’s predictions regarding the cometary nature of Venus.
The nature of Venus has been a pivotal point of controversy surrounding the Collision of Worlds. If Venus was not a comet, the entire chain of events would be impossible. Conversely, if Venus was indeed a comet, the scenario of a close collision between Earth and Mars Velikovsky becomes much more plausible.
Was Venus a comet?
According to mainstream science, Venus is the sister planet of Earth and Mars. They formed in the same way (by accretion) from the same material in the same region over the same period of time. In contrast to this model, Velikovsky’s predictions about Venus and its cometary nature were as follows:
Venus is a hot planet because until recently it was a comet. Venus
In the 1950s, the scientific consensus was that Venus was an old planet, similar to Earth and Mars, and given that its orbit is similar to Earth and Mars, its temperature should be similar as well. At the time, it was “known” that the temperature of Venus was -25 ° C, and some scientists even believed that Venus might be habitable.
But when the Mariner 2 space probe sent back its data in 1963, the scientific community was stunned. The average surface temperature of Venus was a whopping 462 ° C. The “habitable” planet had the temperature of molten lead!
Venus’s hot character was confirmed in 1991 when Kiefer et al. Measured gravitational changes over Venus, from which they concluded that Venus’s crust was very thin (10-20 km) compared to the crust of “sister” planets such as Earth. or Mars (50-100 km).
This thin lithosphere indicates that Venus has a hot, active interior that prevents the crust from cooling and solidifying at a significant thickness.
In conclusion, as Velikovsky predicted, Venus is indeed a hot planet, both on the surface and inside. This strongly suggests that not too long ago Venus was still a blazing hot comet and that it had not yet completely cooled down from its previous cometary state.
Venus is a young planet because until recently it was a comet.
In the 1950s, the prevailing theory was that Venus was an old planet formed by accretion billions of years ago. As a consequence, due to being exposed to asteroids for billions of years, it was believed to be littered with craters.
But these were only speculations, because at that time the surface of Venus could not be directly observed due to its very dense atmosphere. In the 1970s, the first Venusian probes allowed direct observations of the surface of Venus and showed that there were surprisingly few craters on Venus.
These repeated observations strongly suggest that, as Velikovsky predicted, Venus is a young planet. Until recently, it was a comet, so not enough time has passed in its “planetary life” for many asteroids to fall on it. Venus’s relatively pristine surface Venus should have anomalous rotation According to Velikovsky, due to its recent cometary nature and chaotic interactions with Mars and Earth, Venus should show anomalous rotation compared to other planets in the solar system.
This prediction, like others, was considered heresy. But in 1962, the US Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, DC, announced that Venus had slow retrograde rotation. It is the only planet in the inner solar system to show retrograde rotation. Resonant picture of Venus relative to Earth Confirming Venus’s unusual celestial motions, Goldreich et al. Demonstrated in an article published in 1966 that Venus’s rotation is in resonance with the Earth’s orbit – every time Venus passes between the Sun and the Earth, it shows one and the same same side in relation to the Earth.
Such a resonance is convincing evidence of the relatively recent rapprochement between Earth and Venus, which “blocked” the rotation of a smaller planet with a larger orbit. In addition, one of the main arguments that sought to refute Velikovsky’s theory was that Keplerian orbits cannot intersect with each other, so collisions cannot occur.
In an article titled Velikovsky and the Planetary Orbit Sequence, L. Rose et al. Demonstrated that not only can Keplerian orbits intersect with each other, but that Venus may have had a highly elliptical (comet) orbit in the recent past, that the solar system could have stable planetary orbits prior to the arrival of Venus, and that Venus may have a circular orbit shortly after integration with the solar system.
Electrical Activity of Venus
Due to the cometary nature of Venus and its past interactions with Mars, Velikovsky predicted that Venus should exhibit some electrical activity. In the 1950s, this prediction contradicted the scientific consensus that Venus was an electrically inert planet. This view has prevailed for decades. But in 2006, the electrical activity of Venus was proven when the Venus Express satellite observed lightning in the atmosphere of Venus.
This was just the beginning of revelations about the electrical nature of Venus. In a paper published in Nature in 2007, Petzold et al. Showed that Venus was also surrounded by a vast ionosphere (the positively charged layer of the planet’s atmosphere).
A few years later, in 2013, the European Space Agency announced that Venus did not have a normal spherical ionosphere, but a drop-shaped ionosphere, a comet’s tail, as shown in the image below. Venus’s teardrop ionosphere Venus’s cometary tail is very long: 45 million kilometers. So long, in fact, that its ion tail reaches Earth when the Sun, Venus, and Earth are aligned. Venus’s Ionic Tail Note that Venus, originally a comet that finally settled in a stable orbit in the solar system, is not an isolated case. Several planets in our solar system have acquired a number of new moons that were previously cometary bodies: The number of moons of Jupiter, Uranus and Saturn (1975 VS 2013)
Since 2013, Jupiter has acquired 12 new moons. As of 2019, Jupiter has 79 satellites and Saturn has 82 satellites.
When did the water transfer take place?
We started this article with an “anomaly”: during the Late Dryas, a period of sharp cooling, the sea level did not fall, but rose noticeably (due to the increase in ice volume). Since the hypothesis is that it was the influx of water from Mars that caused this ice buildup. Only this can explain this anomaly, a close collision with Mars should have occurred shortly after the beginning of the late Dryas, which dates back to 12,900 years ago.
But is there any other evidence to support this sequence of events and clarify the time elapsed between the onset of the cometary bombardment and the encounter with Mars?
As we will see below, several sources of information – among them ancient maps, reconstructions of past sea levels and past temperatures, and analysis of moraine – can give us a pretty clear idea of when the transfer of water from Mars to Earth probably occurred.
Several Renaissance maps show non-freezing Antarctica. Here we focus on the Piri Reis map (from 1513), Oronteus Finaeus (1532) and Buache maps (1737).
The authenticity of these cards has been carefully checked. Charles Hapgood’s book Maps of Ancient Sea Kings demonstrates that not only are the maps authentic, but that the people who drew them knew perfectly well longitude, latitude, and spherical trigonometry — a branch of geometry that had just reached its full form. at the end of the 19th century. It is also apparent that the original creators of these maps explored the entire world and knew the exact size and circumference of our planet. Boache Map (1737).
Although these maps date from the 16th century, Antarctica was not rediscovered (rediscovered) until three centuries later, in 1820. This suggests that these three maps are medieval copies of ancient original maps drawn at a time when Antarctica was indeed an ice-free continent. Also note that the Boache map (above) shows non-freezing Antarctica with two main islands.
Radar mapping of the rocky bottom of Antarctica in the 20th century confirmed that Antarctica is not one solid island, but rather an archipelago, consisting of two main islands.
A close examination of the map of Orontius Finaeus (below) shows several river bays and islands along the coast of Antarctica. These features are now underwater. This suggests that at the time the original map of Oronteus Finaeus was drawn, the sea level was noticeably lower than it is today. Oronteus Phineas map and non-freezing Antarctica In some cases, objects are now more than 120 meters under water. As shown in the image below, the only time in the last 125,000 years that the water level was so low was about 15,000 years ago. Sea level over the past 140 thousand years
Were the originals of these maps drawn 15,000 years ago, when the water level was low enough to expose the now flooded land areas? If these ancient maps representing ice-free Antarctica were compiled about 15,000 years ago, then the close collision with Mars and the accompanying ice dump must have happened later.
Antarctica sediment analysis confirms that the original maps date back to at least 6,000 years ago, as analysis of sediment cores from the Ross Sea revealed shallow river sediments, i.e. unfrozen / active rivers that were connected to the Ross Sea at the time.
So we have a date range for meeting Mars somewhere between 6,000 and 15,000 years ago. Can we narrow this range down?
Sea level and temperature
The drop in sea level (about 30 meters), which should have been caused by the YD cooling (12,900-11,700 years ago), did not occur, and we can assume that it was compensated by the influx of Martian water. However, to know more precisely when this might have happened, we need to take a closer look at coral-based sea level analysis. The sea level graph at the beginning of this article shows a very smooth curve because it is average sea level based on analysis of coral reefs.
If we examine these coral reef data individually, they show some variability. As shown in the chart below, each reef has its own history: Sea levels from coral reef data
In the above graph, the Barbados coral records (blue line after the diamonds) show a sharp increase (blue arrow) followed by a sudden dip (green arrow), quickly followed by a second sharp increase (yellow arrow). There are only about 500 years between the two sharp leaps.
The reconstructed temperature history (based on analysis of the oxygen isotope 18) during the Late Dryas shows a very similar picture: Temperatures during the Early Dryas
The graph above shows that the onset of the Early Dryas is marked first by a cold snap (blue arrow) and then, about four centuries later, by a second cold snap (green arrow). Do two consecutive spikes in temperature drops and sea level rise suggest two successive major cold snaps?
A cometary bombardment that occurred about 12,900 years ago, and several centuries later, the interaction of Mars with the Earth (about 12,500 years ago).
Moraine Analysis The
rapid sequence of two major cold snaps at the beginning of the YD seems to be supported by the analysis of the moraine as described by Anthony Watts in the following passage (moraines are geological formations that mark the limit of ice extent):
Young Dryas was not an isolated climatic event. Late Pleistocene warming and cooling of the climate occurred not only before and after YD, but also within it. All three major Pleistocene ice sheets, Scandinavian, Laurentide and Cordilleran, experienced episodes of double moraine formation, as did a large number of alpine glaciers. The multiple YD moraines of the Scandinavian Ice Sheet have been documented for a long time and there is an extensive literature. The Scandinavian ice sheet renewed itself during the Dryas and created two vast terminal moraines across southern Finland, the central Swedish moraine and the Ram moraine in southwestern Norway. The dates indicate that they were approximately 500 years apart. Double moraines of younger Dryas of the Scandinavian ice sheet
Aside from the case of the Scandinavian ice sheet, Loch Lomond in Scotland provides very similar evidence:
Among the first multiple Dryas moraines discovered were Loch Lomond moraines in the Scottish Highlands. Moraines of Loch Lomond consist of several moraines.
Radiocarbon dates limit the age of Loch Lomond moraines from 12.9 thousand to 11.5 thousand calendar years ago.
Ancient maps, reconstruction of temperature and sea level, analysis of moraine – all this gives a holistic picture. The beginning of the Dryas, apparently, was marked by two separate catastrophic cold snaps, which occurred in close sequence:
About 12,900 years ago – a large cometary bombardment and generally accepted by modern science.
Around 12,500 BC – several centuries later, the close collision of Earth and Mars and the transfer of water from Mars to Earth (which is not accepted by modern science)
information collected above allows us to hypothesize a scenario for the second event (about 12,500 years ago), which includes the following steps:
– Venus, a cometary body, enters the solar system and follows a typical eccentric cometary orbit around the Sun and Jupiter.
– The comet of Venus passes by Mars and disrupts its orbit
– The disrupted orbit of Mars brings it closer to Earth
– The close proximity between Mars and Earth causes a powerful electrical discharge that carries Martian material, including most of its ocean, to Earth.
– A very small time interval between two events (about four centuries, which is the blink of an eye in the heavenly timeline), makes us wonder if they are connected in some way. Perhaps the comet Venus was part of a cometary swarm, of which it was the main object. After entering the solar system, the cometary swarm of Venus followed a typical Jupiter-Sun orbit with a period of about 52 years (this is the duration of the orbit of comet Venus, as Velikovsky suggested).
This eccentric orbit passed close to the Earth’s orbit, and during the first crossing, some of the bodies included in the swarm were attracted by the Earth’s gravity and provoked a significant bombardment of the Earth by no less than five large meteors with a diameter of more than 10 km that reached the Earth. It could have been a catastrophic event (about 12,900 BC) that marked the beginning of the late Dryas.
Due to its higher momentum, Venus continued to orbit around the Sun and Jupiter. After 7-10 revolutions (350-500 years), Venus came very close to Mars, knocked it out of orbit and pushed it dangerously close to Earth, which led to the electrical discharge described above.
This scenario is close to the one proposed by Velikovsky 70 years ago. The only significant differences are water transport and, of course, dating. In fact, dating was the main argument against Velikovsky (who suggested a time frame around 3500-2800 years ago).
The later dating proposed by Velikovsky is not supported by the large amount of evidence in the form of major catastrophes affecting the entire planet (although there is good reason for a localized catastrophe in the Middle East, which marked the end of the Bronze Age).
On the other hand, the beginning of the Late Dryas (about 12,900-12,500 years ago) offers abundant evidence of sudden and dramatic changes across the planet.
Velikovsky believed that the second event, the close collision between Mars and Earth and the accompanying accumulation of water / ice, was referred to in mythology as the Great Flood.
He based his dates mainly on the chronology suggested by the Old Testament (about 2800 BC). But the Hebrew mythology described in the Old Testament is just one of the many mythologies that mention the Great Flood.
Researcher Douglas Eddinger found that in 500 cultures spanning all continents, about 90% of them contain information about the “great flood.”
The proliferation of this myth in most cultures around the planet suggests that the Flood was indeed a worldwide catastrophe. Blue highlighted the mention of the Flood in various myths
According to Professor A. Heidel of the University of Chicago, author of the article “The Epic of Gilgamesh and Parallels with the Old Testament,” Mesopotamian and Hebrew myths may originate from an even more ancient common original.
In any case, the written version of the epic was preceded by oral versions. Despite the age of written history, traces of descriptions of the catastrophic events that established the early Dryas can still be found, even in the oldest archaeological sites from the Neolithic period.
Göbekli Tepe is an archaeological site located in the south of Turkey (dated at least 10,000 years ago). Its main archaeological feature is the vulture stone, a massive carved pillar, also known as pillar 43 (image below).
The Old Testament is not the oldest account of the Great Flood. This was preceded by the ancient Mesopotamian epic Gilgamesh (The Tale of Utnapishtim, Tablet XI), which is about 5,000 years old. The Vulture Stone According to lead researcher at the University of Edinburgh, Martin Sweetman, the vulture stone is an astronomical depiction where, just like today, animals represent constellations and the entire scene depicts a cosmic catastrophe. Computer model analysis carried out to match the star images detailed on the Vulture Rock points to one specific date: 12,950 BC, which is the exact date for the onset of the Late Dryas. Nicolas Poussin, Flood
12,950 BC, the comet Venus knocked the planet Mars out of orbit, which, approaching the Earth, caused the interaction of the planets and a powerful electrical impulse threw all its water from Mars to Earth. It happened in the Antarctic region where, as water and soil from Mars arrived, a giant glacier formed, a huge amount of water that entered the Earth caused the Flood and global cooling that plunged the Earth into a long Ice Age.
All the sources of the great abyss opened up and the windows of heaven opened and rain poured on the earth for forty days and forty nights.If
you, dear reader, were able to read this article to the end, then you should realize what this information means – everything falls into place and we can be almost certain that you have learned the true causes of the Great Flood.
This information allows us not only to look completely differently at the ancient history of mankind and the planet Earth itself, not only at a change in the very understanding of the processes taking place in space, but also based on this information to see what is happening now in our time and try to look into the near future.
If you, dear reader, were able to read this article to the end, then you should realize what this information means – everything falls into place and we can be almost sure that we have learned the true causes of the Great Flood.
This information allows us not only to look completely differently at the ancient history of mankind and the planet Earth itself, not only at a change in the very understanding of the processes taking place in space, but also based on this information to see what is happening now in our time and try to look into the near future.
We all see this – global and catastrophic climate change, but not global warming about which they lie to us, but global cooling. The earth has already entered the beginning of the Little Ice Age and will only get worse. Where it was warm, it will become cold, where they have never seen snow – they will ski, but all these climatic swings will end not only with playing snowballs or riding downhill on sledges, all this will lead to global hunger due to crop failure.
This is already happening, can’t you see it? It is enough to look at the daily news headlines to understand that the world has changed and it is literally in fever. The Earth’s magnetosphere is malfunctioning, the poles are shifting and threatening a coup, the temperature swing is already a reality, and all this is increasing. hunger is already a reality, yes – so far in the countries of the third world, but the countries of the second, and even the first “world” are not immune from it.
The number of meteorites piercing the earth’s atmosphere is increasing daily. As their size grows. This can only speak of the bottom – these meteorites are a field of debris in front of a very large cosmic body – an asteroid or comet.
Just think, what if this is actually the case? Above, you could already understand that it was a cosmic catastrophe that caused the Great Flood and a new comet could cause a new Great Flood. Or the Great dehydration of the Earth if this time the water is “stolen” not from Mars, but from the Earth.
See what’s going on in the world. Think logically. Preparations are underway for a global catastrophe. The countries do not act as sovereign ones, but as if at the behest of some “Peace Council”, and in fact, in the event of a real threat, such a council would be created and it would be he who would make decisions. The centers of influence in the world are shifting. Manufacturing, new cities, nuclear power plants and infrastructure are not created in developed countries of Europe or America, but in completely different places. The Great Migration of the Survivors is coming, if there are any, of course.
Countries and their populations are taught to live in Emergency Situation. Measures and scenarios for managing countries during the Global Catastrophe are being worked out. Shelters, food and water supplies are being made. Can’t you see that the Free World no longer exists and the world is conducting a Global preparation of the Earth’s population for life in completely different conditions.
However, this is a topic for a separate conversation, it is enough to look around yourself and ask yourself the questions that I am asking. The answer to them is obvious. While this article was being written, scientists published the news about the discovery of a new comet, which will approach the earth in December 2021 and which will become “one of the brightest during observations and will be visible with the naked eye from the earth. Astronomers believe that it will fly between the Sun and Earth. …
But this is only if its trajectory does not change. Comets consist of liquid matter and ice, and usually they lose this matter during a flight in space, and even more so as they approach the Sun. Changes in the comet’s mass and the configuration of its nucleus and tail can affect it and its trajectory.
At the moment, there is too little information about her to confidently speak of her as the very “Star Wormwood”, but so far she is a good candidate for an object in front of which is the very field of debris, from which stones are now falling to the ground every day …
If so, then we have very little time left. According to my calculations, before the Global Catastrophe, an increase in the size of the falling meteorites should occur. The closer the Earth is to a large space object in front of which there is a field of debris, the larger meteorites should fall to the ground. The closer the object is, the larger the falling meteorites should be. While the averages are falling, and the real signal of the approach of a Global Catastrophe should be the fall of meteorites comparable or larger in size than the one that exploded not so long ago over Chelyabinsk.
After that, the size of meteorites from hundreds of meters will go to several, the diameter of which will already be calculated in kilometers .. The final point may be a repetition of the history of the electrical interaction of Mars and the earth, which occurred due to the comet Venus. 1 And when He opened the seventh seal, there was a silence in heaven, as if for half an hour. 2 And I saw seven angels who stood before God; and seven trumpets were given to them. 3 And another angel came and stood before the altar, holding a golden censer; And a great deal of incense was given to him, so that with the prayers of all the saints he might place it on the golden altar that is before the throne. 4 And the smoke of incense went up with the prayers of the saints from the hand of an angel before God.
– And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire from the altar, and cast it on the earth: and there were voices and thunders and lightnings and an earthquake.
– And the seven angels, having seven trumpets, prepared to blow the trumpets.
– The first angel sounded his trumpet, and there was hail and fire mingled with blood, and fell to the ground; and a third of the trees were burnt up, and all the green grass was burnt up.
– The second angel sounded his trumpet, and like a great mountain blazing with fire fell into the sea; and a third of the sea became blood,
– and a third of the animate creatures living in the sea died, and a third of the ships perished.
– The third angel sounded his trumpet, and a large star fell from heaven, burning like a lamp, and fell on a third of the rivers and on the fountains of waters.
– The name of this star is “wormwood”; and a third of the waters became wormwood, and many of the people died of the waters, because they became bitter.
– The fourth angel sounded his trumpet, and the third part of the sun and the third part of the moon and the third part of the stars were struck, so that the third part of them was eclipsed, and the third part of the day was not bright, just like the nights.
– And I saw and heard an angel flying in the midst of heaven and saying with a loud voice: Woe, woe, woe to those who dwell on earth
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