(ORDO NEWS) — Scientists have assessed the long-term effects of atmospheric processes that cause severe storms, floods and droughts across the Earth.
By the end of 2023, natural disasters will cause about $1 trillion in damage due to the lingering impact of La Niña, a global climate phenomenon in the Pacific Ocean. This is reported by Bloomberg, citing a study by the US Climate Prediction Center.
La Niña is associated with large-scale cooling of the water surface in the central and eastern regions of the equatorial Pacific Ocean, combined with changes in tropical atmospheric circulation. This generates strong winds, pressure drops and powerful precipitation.
According to the forecast of the US Climate Prediction Center, the probability that the cooling of the equatorial part of the Pacific Ocean will last until October has increased to 97%.
And there is an 80% chance that La Niña will last until January. Thus the phenomenon will last for a third year. The last time this happened was in 1998-2001, and before that, in 1973-1976.
Weather disasters cost the world $268 billion in 2020 and $329 billion in 2021, scientists say.
If the coming period is as turbulent as the previous two years, the total cost of climate disasters will cross the $1 trillion mark.
Meteorologists noted that powerful floods in Australia, droughts in Brazil, Argentina and other countries of South America, as well as the recent flooding in Pakistan, which affected more than 33 million people, were associated with the influence of La Niña in 2022.
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