(ORDO NEWS) — Every year, the whims of the weather become more difficult to predict: you never know when the heat will come, and when it will suddenly give way to coolness.
However, unpredictable temperature fluctuations are not new to anyone – they have been noticed for several centuries. We have collected the main temperature records in the history of weather research.
The highest temperatures on Earth
The absolute record for the maximum air temperature was recorded on July 10, 1913 in the United States, at the Furnace Creek ranch in California’s Death Valley. Then it warmed up to +56.7 degrees Celsius.
Until recently, the figures from September 13, 1922 in the Libyan city of El Azizia were considered record-breaking – there the temperature allegedly reached +58.2 degrees.
However, almost a century later, the World Meteorological Organization examined the results of this study in detail and found that all this time the measurements were erroneous.
In fact, the three hottest days on record are not too far behind each other. On July 7, 1931, +55 degrees Celsius was recorded in Tunisia.
And on July 20, 2016 in Kuwait – + 54 °. Not so far from Russia’s temperature record: July 12, 2010 at the Utta weather station in Kalmykia, measurements showed +45.4 °.
By the way, the record temperature for Antarctica is +20.7 Celsius.
The lowest temperatures on Earth
The absolute record for the minimum air temperature is also not so simple. Previously, it belonged to the indicators of July 21, 1983 at the Antarctic research station Vostok: according to the observations of researchers, the temperature dropped to -89.2 degrees.
But in 2004, this record was surpassed near the Fuji Dome. According to satellite data, it was even colder -91.2 ° C.
However, some scientists believe that it is not entirely correct to draw an unambiguous conclusion about the record based on satellite information.
But the gap between the first place and the closest contenders is much more noticeable. Against the background of two Antarctic records, the remaining figures do not look so terrible.
On December 22, 1991, -69.6°C was recorded in Greenland. In 1892, on the territory of present-day Yakutia, -67.7 degrees Celsius was measured. And eighty years later, in the tiny village of Ust-Shchuger, 58.1 degrees of frost struck.
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