(ORDO NEWS) — Two new records were broken over the weekend: Temperatures at the Capanna Margherita weather station in Monte Rosa, Italy dropped to -6.2°F (-21.2°C) at 6 am on September 17th.
This beat the previous lowest temperature measured for that day in 2013, which was -3.5°F (-19.7°C) on September 17, 2013.
It is also the earliest temperature drop below -4°F (-20°C) for the entire season. The previous barrier crossing of -4°F (-20°C) was set on September 24, 2004, a week later.
The following night, temperatures dropped even further to -7.6°F (-22°C), breaking no records but surpassing the previous monthly record for September, which was set on September 26, 2020.
The coldest temperature ever recorded at the Margherita Hut weather station was -40.5°F (41°C) in the winter of 1928-1929.
The first snow of the season fell across Europe over the weekend as temperatures plummeted. The sharp drop in temperatures across Europe was caused by arctic winds blowing at nearly 90 miles per hour, causing temperatures in Europe to drop below freezing at 3,937-4,921 feet (1,200-1,500 m).
These are the first polar winds coming from the Arctic since April. Temperatures are expected to remain cold until Tuesday, after which they will rise again. The temperature measured at Capanna Margarita today at 6 am was already slightly higher at 7°F (-13.9°C).
The weather station on Capanna Margherita was opened in 1899 and has been a valuable source of information for more than a century.
Capanna Margherita is the tallest building in Europe, located at 14,941 feet (4,554 m) on the Swiss-Italian border.
The hut was first opened in August 1893 in the presence of the Queen of Italy, Margherita of Savoy, who went up to the hut with her retinue and stayed overnight in the hut that was named after her.
Systematic weather records have been kept only since the middle of the 19th century. The Alpine regions have been especially popular for weather stations, as they are more useful for weather forecasting, as weather elements such as temperature, wind speed and direction, barometric pressure, humidity, and precipitation are more significant.
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