US, WASHINGTON (ORDO NEWS) — Many people know that with pneumonia – the most common and serious illness of the respiratory system – antibiotics are usually prescribed. The main complication of coronavirus infection COVID-19 is pneumonia. But antibiotics will not help. Experts explained why.
Antibiotics, or, as they are also called, antimicrobials, suppress pathogens – bacteria or fungi. And viruses are not organisms; they live inside human cells.
“Antibiotics are useless against viruses, including coronavirus. They only help with bacterial infections,” emphasizes professor, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Sergey Netesov, head of the laboratory of biotechnology and virology at Novosibirsk State University, head of the laboratory of molecular biology of RNA viruses of the Federal State Scientific Research Center for Virology and biotechnology “Vector”.
Pneumonia is often caused by bacterial and fungal infections. A doctor can prescribe antibiotics even with coronavirus, but only if microbial pathogens are added to the underlying disease against the background of a weakened immunity.
The World Health Organization (WHO) website, under the “Frequently Asked Questions” section, clearly states: “Antibiotics act only against bacteria. They do not use antibiotics to treat and prevent coronavirus infection. However, if you are hospitalized with COVID-19, you may prescribe them because bacterial co-infection is not excluded.”
“The antibiotic itself does not work on the virus in any way, their administration is more likely to lead to side effects,” confirms Ivan Konovalov, associate professor of infectious diseases in children at the PF RNIMU named after N. I. Pirogov, in an interview. “But if we are talking about severe forms of coronavirus disease in a hospital, then antibiotics cannot be dispensed with, since the virus, in fact, creates a kind of” bridgehead “for bacteria and fungi to infect the lungs.”
Unfortunately, special preparations for the fight against coronavirus have not yet been developed.
“At the moment, there are no recommended drugs for the prevention or treatment of infections caused by the new coronavirus,” the WHO website says. “Some methods are being studied and clinical trials are pending.”
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The article is written and prepared by our foreign editors from different countries around the world – material edited and published by Ordo News staff in our US newsroom press.