(ORDO NEWS) — Partial or complete loss of smell can be a symptom of a number of diseases, including even coronavirus. In this article, we will tell you what kind of diseases the sense of smell disappears.
For two years now, coronavirus has been discussed around the world – an infection that has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and which has a number of symptoms that do not appear in everyone.
Do not self-medicate!
In our articles, we collect the latest scientific data and the opinions of authoritative health experts. But remember: only a doctor can diagnose and prescribe treatment.
Doctors call the key signs of COVID-19 disease the presence of fever, dry cough, shortness of breath and shortness of breath, as well as severe fatigue.
If chills, muscle pain, sore or sore throat, runny nose or nasal congestion are observed, then this indicates something else, and not a coronavirus. But there are people who still have COVID-19, but without the above symptoms, but with others – loss of smell and taste.
We immediately warn you: for any signs of loss of smell, you should immediately consult a doctor, and not self-medicate and self-diagnose
It is these two signs – a temporary inability to detect tastes and smells – that serve as one of the signs of coronavirus infection in the absence of other symptoms.
True, there is another series of diseases that are also characterized by a loss of smell, congenital or acquired, complete or selective, with an inability to sense individual substances.Note that the loss of smell in medical language is called anosmia.
Symptoms of anosmia
Anyone who has had a cold at least once in their life has experienced anosmia – this disease leads to a complete loss of smell, but more often it is partial.
In fact, this is due to disruption of the receptors in the nasal cavity and swelling of the nasal mucosa. People notice anosmia when they begin to experience a lack of smell.
What can cause loss of smell?
In general, anosmia is most often caused by diseases of the ENT organs – acute respiratory infections, sinusitis, chronic or acute rhinitis, nasal polyps – as well as injuries.
Traumatic brain injuries, deviated nasal septum, fracture of the horizontal plate of the ethmoid bone and inflammation of its sinuses, and damage to the olfactory filaments and olfactory bulbs caused by various causes.
But it is difficult for the patient not to find out about such reasons for the loss of smell, therefore, in most cases, such manifestations or consequences of the disease are obvious to a person.
If there are no injuries in your history, and problems with smell are observed, then this is an occasion to think about what can cause them. One of the most common is smoking. A bad habit negatively affects the human body as a whole and quite predictably affects the ability to recognize odors.
In addition, anosmia can be caused by exposure to toxic substances, but if you do not smoke and have not been exposed to toxins, then there is a chance that there are more serious reasons for the loss of smell. In addition to loss of smell, people may also have other symptoms, depending on the cause.
What diseases can the loss of smell indicate?
Anosmia can be one of the symptoms of the appearance of tumors, a consequence of diabetes mellitus, as well as a manifestation of serious neurodegenerative diseases – dementia with Lewy bodies, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.
It is clear that it is impossible to diagnose such health problems on your own, so if you have long-term problems with smell, then this is a reason to seek medical help. In any case, they will deal with the causes of anosmia and, perhaps, help to avoid much more serious problems by identifying other diseases in advance.
In general, our ability to smell can wax and wane over the course of our lives, and most of us begin to lose our sense of smell as we age.
But even in such a situation, it is best to consult with specialists in order to accurately determine the causes of anosmia and determine the treatment, if possible. Since each case is different, some people can still restore their sense of smell.
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