(ORDO NEWS) — What is science really? There are two types of science. Empirical science is knowledge about an event or thing observed with our senses. You know the moon exists. You can see her! You know the chair exists because you see it or you feel it.
Another type of science is criminalistics. Criminalistics is not direct, but indirect knowledge about something. You did not witness the death of a person and did not see how he died, but through careful collection and analysis of evidence, you can determine how the death occurred.
The scientific method is used daily in forensic science to determine whether an event at a crime scene was an accident or design and intent. Mathematical probability is a scientific argument and is often used in defining many questions in scientific research.
The scientific method cannot be used to prove events that happened outside of human observation.
No one has observed the origin of the universe, either by chance or by design (so neither can be proven by science), but scientific evidence using mathematical probability can be used to confirm the random or intelligent origin of the universe.
Some things don’t need experimentation or scientific proof. In jurisprudence, there is a principle of “prima facie evidence”. It means “evidence that speaks for itself”. Of course, in the complexities of human society and relationships, the prima facie is not always what it seems.
An example of a true prima facie is when you find an elaborate sandcastle on a beach. You don’t need to experiment to understand that it came about by design and not by the random forces of wind and water.
If you find a romantic letter or message written in the sand, you don’t need to experiment to understand that it was by design, and not because a stick, accidentally blown by the wind, scribbled it there. Naturally, you will assume that this is the work of an intelligent and rational being.
Mathematicians say that any event with a probability of 10 to the power of 50 or more is impossible even within the entire time period of billions of years, which is commonly considered to be the age of the universe.
The probability that the average protein molecule will appear by chance is 10 to the 65th power. And that’s just one protein molecule! Even the simplest cell is made up of millions of molecules.
The late great British scientist Sir Frederick Hoyle calculated that the probability of the formation of the simplest cell by chance is 10 to the 40,000th power! How much is it? Consider that the number of atoms in the entire known universe is only 10 to the 23rd power.
It has been shown that amino acids can arise by chance, but it has never been shown that these basic building blocks can randomly combine into a sequence and form protein molecules.
Surprising fact: there are left-handed and right-handed amino acids. In life, all protein molecules must consist of left-handed amino acids, and also be located in the correct sequence. If a dextrorotatory amino acid enters the molecule, the protein will not work.
DNA, the genetic code, is also made up of various small molecules (nucleic acids) that must be put together in a precise sequence for DNA to work. Nucleic acids contain left-handed and right-handed sugar molecules.
In order to have a working DNA molecule, the various nucleic acids must not only be in exact sequence, but also contain only dextrorotatory sugar molecules. If a nucleic acid with a left-sided sugar molecule gets into the mixture, then the DNA will not work.
Information, in any form, is positive evidence of reasonable origin. That’s what DNA (genetic code) is – information. Even Carl Sagan said that serial radio signals from space are proof of intelligent origins.
What about the sequence of molecules in the genetic code? The sequence of molecules in DNA that makes it a code is powerful prima facie evidence for intelligent origin and cause.
What about “junk DNA”? It’s not trash! Recent studies published in scientific journals such as Nature and RNA have shown that “non-coding” DNA segments play an important role in the regulation of gene expression (i.e. when, where and how genes are expressed in the body).
Explaining how an airplane works does not mean that no one created the airplane. Explaining how life or the universe works does not mean that there was no Creator behind them.
cience and natural laws only explain how order works and operates in the universe, but simple non-directional natural laws can never explain the ultimate origin of this order.
Once you have a complete living cell, the genetic code and biological mechanisms direct the formation of new cells, but how could life or a cell have arisen naturally if there is no guiding code and mechanisms in nature?
Time is not a helper of chance. For every good accident, there are thousands of bad ones, and in the end, over time, the result will be detrimental, not beneficial.
A partially evolved cell (an oxymoron) that is not protected by a fully functioning cell membrane will decay in an open environment long before it can evolve into a full-fledged living cell.
True science shows that it is unreasonable to believe that we are here by chance, even within an evolutionary period of billions of years. True science shows that the universe is not eternal and could not have arisen from nothing as a result of natural processes.
Contact us: [email protected]