US, WASHINGTON (ORDO NEWS) — They say trouble does not come alone. William Shakespeare wrote: “When sorrows come, they come not by lone scouts, but by whole battalions!” It seems that some are afraid of this. It is known that after the outbreak of the new coronavirus (COVID-19), first in Chinese Wuhan, and then around the world, the death of a Chinese resident from hantavirus was recorded. What is it?
As the Newsweek website said yesterday, a man infected with a hantavirus died in China on Monday. According to the government newspaper Global Times, this was a resident of Yunnan in the southwest of the country, who died while traveling to the eastern province of Shandong.
There were 32 companions with the man on the bus, and all of them were tested for the presence of the virus, but the results of the studies are not yet ready.
The news of the death of the Chinese came against the backdrop of the coronavirus pandemic. At the moment, the number of infected people worldwide has already exceeded 400 thousand people. Since the outbreak of the virus in December 2019, more than 17 thousand people have died from it in the Chinese city of Wuhan.
The mortality rate from North American hantavirus strains is 36%, which is much higher than the mortality from coronavirus, which, according to World Health Organization estimates, reached 3.4%.
As the Chinese authorities tested another 32 people on the bus for the hantavirus, people are now beginning to worry about the possibility of a new pandemic.
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, hantaviruses spread mainly through rodents, and they, in turn, can infect humans.
Each strain of hantavirus is spread by a specific type of rodent. The source of infection is their discharge: urine, feces or saliva, particles of which, together with the virus, enter the air and are inhaled by humans. In rare cases, you can get hantavirus after being bitten by an infected animal.
According to experts, a person can get sick if he touches his mouth or nose after contact with a surface contaminated with urine, feces or saliva of an animal virus carrier, such as a mouse. In addition, the disease can be transmitted to people by eating food contaminated with urine or feces of an infected rodent.
There are many types of hantavirus. For example, in America, the disease is called hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HLS), while in Europe or Asia, infection can lead to hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).
It is still unknown what disease the man died in China from.
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in the United States, hantaviruses cannot be transmitted from person to person, while rare cases of this infection have been reported in Chile and Argentina.
Usually, hantavirus can be infected in rural areas with an abundance of forest, fields or farms inhabited by rodents.
What are the symptoms of infection?
First of all, we highlight the symptoms of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome:
3. Muscle pain, especially in the hips and back
9. Abdominal pain
10. After four to ten days, a person may experience shortness of breath and coughing
11. Fluid in the lungs
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome mortality reaches 38% of people.
Symptoms of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome:
1. Back pain
2. Abdominal pain
7. Visual impairment
8. Redness of the face
9. Low blood pressure, shock
10. Acute renal failure
1–15% of patients die from HFRS.
According to the US National Library of Medicine, specific treatments and vaccines for hantavirus have not been developed. Recovery of patients occurs with early diagnosis and medical care in the intensive care unit. Often they need oxygen therapy.
The good news is that there is a low chance of an outbreak of the hantavirus, as it spreads through direct contact with infected rodents.
Thus, the number of people infected with this virus in the world is small. So, since January 2017, only 728 cases of hantavirus infection have been reported in the United States. Even less is the case in other countries.
In other words, you should not worry about the outbreak of a new epidemic. There is enough panic around the coronavirus, which can be fatal. It is better to turn the alarm to your advantage and follow the recommendations of the health authorities of your country, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and adhere to the rules of personal hygiene.
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The article is written and prepared by our foreign editors from different countries around the world – material edited and published by Ordo News staff in our US newsroom press.