(ORDO NEWS) — Scientists from the University of St Andrews and the University of the Highlands and Islands have discovered ancient Viking waterways that ran through Mainland.
Mainland is the largest island in the Orkney archipelago located in the north of Scotland. The path found by archaeologists connected the North Atlantic with Scapa Flow. The Vikings first appeared in the area at the end of the 8th century, and subsequently the area came under the rule of Old Norse counts.
Scientists were attracted by the Old Scandinavian place names in the center of the mainland, and therefore far from the sea, but which were associated with boats and the sea. An interdisciplinary approach using geophysical mapping, remote sensing, and sediment studies allowed researchers to discover a network of shallow waterways and canals through which Vikings could tow their boats and heavy cargo.
Among the ancient Scandinavian place names, scientists have found words such as – Greenay, which means shallow water, or Knarston (Old Scandinavian knarrar staðir), formed from the words denoting a transport ship (Old Norse knörr) and a farm or manor (Old Norse staðir) where these ships were …
The Orkney Islands were ruled by Norway until the 15th century, when they were ceded to Scotland.
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