Top science events to watch in 2022

(ORDO NEWS) —

A vaccine against all types of coronavirus mutations, a return to the moon and “wiretapping” of black holes – all this awaits humanity in the coming year, writes Sasapost. What other scientific events, achievements and discoveries will stir up the world in the coming months – read in the article.

A number of significant scientific events are planned for 2022. Below, we highlight eight of the most anticipated scientific events, advances, and discoveries the world will see in the coming months.

1. COVID-19 and an effective vaccine against all variants of mutations

As the world enters the third year of the COVID-19 pandemic, which so far shows no signs of coming to an end in light of the emergence of new variants of the coronavirus, including the rapidly spreading “omicron” strain, finding a solution remains an ongoing challenge in the new year.

There is news that may bring some pleasant surprises. Scientists at the Walter Reed Army Research Institute are developing an effective vaccine against all strains of COVID-19, not just the omicron.

But not only American specialists are doing this. Currently, several research groups around the world are working on a single universal vaccine against COVID-19. This raises hopes that humanity will soon get rid of the coronavirus.

2. Application of the first malaria vaccine in sub-Saharan Africa

In 2022, for the first time, African countries will be able to use a vaccine against malaria, which kills more than 260,000 children under the age of five every year. An antimalarial vaccine called “RTS” has been in development for thirty years, and finally, in October 2021, received the approval of the World Health Organization (WHO).

3. Return to the Moon

A whole fleet of orbiters and landers from space agencies and private companies should go to the Moon in 2022. NASA will launch the Artemis I spacecraft for its first orbital flight. The purpose of the launch is to test the program for the return of astronauts to the moon. Another orbiter called “CAPSTONE” will conduct the necessary experiments as part of the development of a program to create a manned circumlunar station “Gateway”.

This year, India‘s third lunar mission, Chandrayaan-3, with a rover on board, should make a soft landing (without damaging the spacecraft) on the surface of the moon. Japan will also attempt its first soft landing on the Moon with the SLIM mission.

Russia is aiming to revive the glory of the Soviet lunar program with the Luna-25 lander. The Korean Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter will mark the start of the South Korean lunar program.

Tokyo-based Ispace plans to launch a private lander, Hakuto-R, which will carry the Emirati Rashid Moon, a mobile vehicle designed to explore the moon. If the mission is successful, the UAE will become the fourth country to land a spacecraft on the moon, and the first in the Arab world.

4. Space mission to Mars to look for signs of past life

Perhaps the most striking event that the world will be watching in 2022 will be the joint project of the European Space Agency (ESA) and Roscosmos – ExoMars. As part of a space mission scheduled for September 2022, the Rosalind Franklin rover will land on Mars to search for signs of past life. The ExoMars mission was supposed to launch in July 2020, but had to be delayed due to problems with the parachutes needed to land the rover safely.

5. China announced the creation of the world’s fastest quantum computer

China is expected to introduce the world’s fastest and most powerful quantum computer in 2022. At the International Supercomputing Conference (ISC), held in November 2021, it was reported that China had built the first supercomputer capable of performing more than 1 quintillion operations per second. For some unknown reason, he still refuses to officially announce this device.

It is reported that two new Chinese supercomputers will appear this year: “OceanLight” from Sunway Computer Co. and “Tianhe-3” from the National Supercomputing Center in Tianjin.

Festive decoration of Moscow for the New Year – InoSMI, 1920, 12/31/2021

American Thinker

The American Thinker (USA): a look into the future, forecast for 2022

December 31, 2021, 16:26

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The Americans also announced the creation of a supercomputer called “Frontier”, capable of performing 1 quintillion operations per second. It is being developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and is scheduled to launch in 2022.

It is expected that next-generation supercomputers will be able to combine artificial intelligence with large and complex data sets, which will contribute to the development of personalized medicine, the discovery of new materials and the creation of more realistic models of climate change and the accelerating expansion of the universe.

6. CERN returns to work after a long break

In June 2022, the Large Hadron Collider will return to work after a long break for technical inspection. The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), located near Geneva, announced the modernization of the Large Hadron Collider, which is currently the most powerful particle accelerator in the world.

It has been supplemented with new components that will allow scientists to collect more data – the results of 40 million proton collisions that occur every second.

The Large Hadron Collider is used to accelerate particles to near the speed of light. Physicists hope that through these collisions we will get answers to some questions about the universe and its origin. High-energy collisions produced by the Large Hadron Collider will recreate conditions that existed in a fraction of a second after the Big Bang, as well as reveal new particles that have never been seen before. This is the missing link in modern physics.

7. Listening to black holes

After gravitational wave detectors picked up the signal from the collision of record-breaking massive black holes, scientists decided to go further. They intend to recognize the “background” of low-frequency gravitational waves caused by the merger of pairs of supermassive black holes, that is, those with a mass of billions of times the mass of the Sun.

To this end, four gravitational wave detectors around the world (one in Japan, one in Italy and two in the US) have been upgraded in preparation for this ambitious project scheduled for December 2022.

8. Tracking methane emissions from space

At the November 2021 climate summit in Glasgow, world leaders agreed to cut methane emissions by 30% by 2030. To test whether methane emission reductions are indeed under way, a new generation of greenhouse gas measurement satellites will be launched into Earth orbit in 2022.

One such satellite will be MethaneSAT, scheduled to launch in October 2022. It is expected to monitor methane emissions from rice cultivation and pipeline leaks. Two more satellites will join the MethaneSAT climate mission. They will monitor not only methane emissions, but also carbon dioxide.

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