(ORDO NEWS) — It is projected that by 2045 there will be 700 million people with type 2 diabetes. The disease doubles the risk of problems with the cardiovascular system – heart failure and seizures. However, there is also a more harmless factor that undermines health.
Diabetes and cardiovascular disease have one thing in common: they occur when you are overweight. Absolutely all doctors advise patients to lose weight, but they do not know for sure whether the body suffers from excess muscle or fat mass. People should keep their body mass index (BMI) at an optimal level for their height. After losing weight, no one can tell how much mass was actually lost – fat or muscle.
As noted by Dr. Ambarish Pandey of the University of Texas-Southwestern Medical Center, today there is only one way to assess muscle-to-fat ratio – dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. True, the method is not only expensive, but also hazardous to health, since it involves exposure to radiation.
Dr. Pandy and his colleagues decided to analyze five thousand volunteers with different lifestyles. People were overweight or had diabetes. The study lasted for 12 years.
It turned out that 257 out of 5103 patients had heart failure. With a 10% reduction in body fat, the likelihood of heart problems decreased by 22%. Interestingly, muscle mass has no effect on the state of the heart and blood vessels.
From observations it follows that it is not enough just to lose weight. It is important to get rid of the fat layer. Excess fat causes both mental and physical discomfort.
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