US, WASHINGTON (ORDO NEWS) — Between 2014 and 2019 in the United States, investments in quantum computing start-ups increased from 55 to 434 million euros. Multinationals like Alphabet and Volkswagen are also working on the subject.
The challenge is to use quantum mechanics to manufacture infinitely more powerful processors.
For its part, Lightmatter wants to use laser beams – rather than electrical signals – to make artificial intelligence work. Based in Boston, the start-up founded in 2017 has already raised 30 million euros.
These innovations respond to an ever-increasing demand for computing power and storage. The reason: the development of AI, widespread access to exponential amounts of data and dematerialization.
Faced with this considerable pressure, conventional electronic chips do not keep pace. They are struggling more and more to respect Moore’s law , according to which the number of transistors in a chip doubles approximately every two years. Same problem for data storage technologies.
Take inspiration from the human body
In addition to quantum computing, the American company Intel is developing neuromorphic chips . Inspired by the functioning of the human nervous system, they have considerable calculation and learning capacities. In 2016, Intel acquired the start-up Habana Labs for 1.8 billion euros.
Catalog stores its data on DNA, for example the entire English-speaking Wikipedia . Also from Boston, the company has raised 10 million euros since its creation in 2016. Its technology does not require cooling, which represents a considerable advantage compared to current data centers.
The company uses machines that “print” sequences of synthetic molecules representing data (text, photo, sound, video) in the form of DNA strands. To access the data, the strands are decrypted by machines used for DNA sequencing, then by proprietary software. The biomimicry is reaching.
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