(ORDO NEWS) — World space agencies, engineers and Earth scientists will continue to study space in 2023. Below is a short list of expeditions that should start in the coming months.
In April 2023, the European Space Agency (ESA) plans to launch the Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer, aka JUICE, an automated interplanetary station on an eight-year journey through the solar system.
The main task of JUICE is to explore the three moons of Jupiter: Ganymede, Europa and Callisto.
In the first quarter of 2023, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) plans to launch its first solar space observatory, Aditya L1 (Aditya L1).
“Aditya L1” will simultaneously observe different layers of the Sun.
It will also be able to record changes in the photosphere, chromosphere and solar corona, as well as observe solar wind flows, flares and coronal mass ejections.
In September 2023, the automatic interplanetary station OSIRIS-REx will deliver samples collected on the asteroid Bennu to Earth.
OSIRIS-REx will send images back to Earth and continue on its journey to a new target, the asteroid Apophis.
In October 2023, NASA plans to send the Psyche expedition to study the metallic asteroid 16 Psyche, which can be used to study the origin of planetary cores.
16 Psyche is the heaviest class M asteroid known, believed to be the core of a protoplanet left over from a collision with another celestial body, during which all other layers were torn off.
It is planned that the launch will be carried out using the Falcon Heavy rocket on October 10, 2023.
The Euclid Space Observatory (ESA project), due to go into space in the third quarter of 2023, will understand the geometry of dark matter and dark energy through a very accurate measurement of the acceleration of the expansion of the universe.
To do this, the device will measure the redshifts of galaxies located at different distances from the Earth, and investigate the relationship between redshift and distance.
Toward the end of 2023, China will launch the Xuntian (Sky Sentry, or CSST) space telescope into low Earth orbit.
The telescope will observe more than a billion galaxies and measure their position, shape and brightness to study their evolution.
The tasks of the telescope also include the search and study of dark matter and dark energy.
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