Scientists with their discoveries in 2022 shed light on history

(ORDO NEWS) — Scientists in 2022 were noted for remarkable discoveries in the field of archeology and paleontology, writes Anadolu.

Most of the finds were related to dinosaurs. So, scientists have found fossils of a “diving” dinosaur in Mongolia, as well as the remains of the oldest known predator.

Among the finds unearthed in 2022, the most striking were a “diving” dinosaur fossil excavated in Mongolia, the oldest human remains found in Spain, and a fossil of the oldest known predator found in the UK.

Scientists’ research is shedding light on the historical past, with most of the new discoveries made in 2022 related to dinosaurs.

A new species of “predatory diving dinosaur” was discovered in Mongolia, which had an “aerodynamic torso” similar to modern diving birds such as penguins, but did not fly.

The fossil is said to be the first example of a flightless, bipedal, carnivorous dinosaur species. This species has been named “Natovenator polydontus”, which means “multi-toothed swimming hunter”.

In the South African country of Zimbabwe, scientists have unearthed a dinosaur fossil believed to date from about 201-252 million years ago. A study published following the study of the find notes that this is the oldest fossil ever discovered in Africa.

And at the archaeological site of the Sierra de Atapuerca near the city of Burgos in northern Spain, the remains of an ancient man, whose age is estimated at 1.4 million years, were found. Experts claim that these are the oldest human remains that have so far been discovered on the European continent.

Fossil of oldest carnivore known found in UK

Archaeological excavations in the UK have made two new discoveries.

So, scientists have found, on the one hand, the remains of the “largest terrestrial dinosaur” in Europe, on the other hand, the fossil of the oldest known predator.

Paleontologists have found the remains of a predator more than ten meters long, which supposedly lived about 125 million years ago.

The bones found on the southwest coast of the Isle of Wight in England were reported to be those of a bipedal predatory crocodile-headed spinosaurid dinosaur.

And the 560-million-year-old fossil, which was found again in the UK, is considered the forerunner of the “cnidaria” species, to which jellyfish are currently classified.

This 20cm fossil sheds light on nearly 20 million years of predatory history and is believed to be the first specimen of an organism with a true skeleton.

On the other hand, in the South American country of Argentina, paleontologists have discovered a previously unknown species of “armless” dinosaur, which has been named “Guemesia ochoai”.

The scientists noted that the remains belonging to a family of armless dinosaurs are the only evidence of a species found in northwestern Argentina, and the skull of this new species is quite small.

24 statues found in Italy dating from the 2nd century BC to the 1st century AD

In Italian Tuscany, 24 perfectly preserved antique bronze statues aged 2.3 thousand years were found.

It has been argued that the statues unearthed during the excavations at San Casciano dei Bagni, where the thermal pools in the region are located, are well-preserved thanks to the mud at the bottom of the pool and date from the 2nd century BC to the 1st century AD.

It was noted that among these works there are statues of gods of Greek and Roman mythology, emperors.

The first amputation in history may have been 31,000 years ago

One of the discoveries of the scientific world, shedding light on history, was made on the island of Borneo in South Asia.

As a result of studying the remains collected from the teeth and surrounding tissues of the skeleton found on the island, it was found that the remains belong to a period of 31 thousand years ago, while one leg was removed from the skeleton.

Based on the shape of the bone, scientists have concluded that this may be the first amputation in history.

A 222-year-old ship was found in the US in 2022

In the US state of Florida, as a result of coastal erosion, wooden wreckage of a ship dating back to the 1800s was found.

It was reported that after coastal erosion due to hurricanes Yan and Nicole, the wreckage of a ship, believed to be 25-30 meters long, dating back to the 19th century, was found in the country, which remained under the sand for about 200 years.

On the other hand, in the area of ​​the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt, the remains of a temple dating back to the period of the Roman Empire, which ruled the country in the period 30 BC – 395 AD, were discovered.

As a result of the work of Egyptian archaeologists, the ruins of a temple belonging to Zeus Cassius, who was revered as a god during the Roman Empire, were excavated.

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