Scientists will conduct a muon tomography of the pyramid of Cheops

(ORDO NEWS) — Scientists plan to scan the Great Pyramid of Giza using muons. A preprint of an article about this has been published in the arXiv repository.

Muons are elementary particles that resemble electrons. They also have a negative charge and have no constituent parts, but due to their greater mass they are able to penetrate deeper into matter. For this reason, they are often used for tomography, where X-rays are superior for some tasks.

Alan Bross of the National Accelerator Laboratory. Enrico Fermi and his colleagues plan to use muons to scan the Great Pyramid in the Explore the Great Pyramid (EGP) experiment. In general, it is quite well studied, but in 2016-2017, the ScanPyramids team, using non-invasive research methods, discovered a “large void” under the Grand Gallery. Then scientists also used muon tomography, but the new equipment will be 100 times more powerful.

The EGP will use very large sensors located in shipping containers moved to various locations outside the Great Pyramid.

The scientists plan to analyze the entire internal structure, marking areas not just as stone or void, but taking into account the density of the material. This will help to discover new elements and will allow you to learn more about the technology of building the pyramids.

The result of the work should be a detailed three-dimensional model of the pyramid. The most difficult problem on the way to this will be the reconstruction of the building structure based on the primary data on the muon energy received by the detector.

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