Scientists have figured out why Stonehenge was built

(ORDO NEWS) — A new study of Britain’s Stonehenge shows it may have functioned similarly to the solar calendar used in ancient Egypt, based on a 365.25-day year.

Moreover, each of the stones of the so-called large sarsen circle represented a day of the month of 30 days. Now there are 17 vertical sarsen blocks left, and once there were 30 of them. An article about this was published in Antiquity magazine.

The suggestion that Stonehenge served as a calendar for ancient landowners has been around for a long time – it is based primarily on the coincidence of its main axis of symmetry with the line along which sunlight travels during the summer and winter solstices.

However, the details of how exactly this whole calendar system worked remained unclear. The author of the new article, British researcher Tim Darvill of Bournemouth University, believes that the ancient builders, who made it possible to track the days and months of the year on megaliths, built it at the same time according to the exact preliminary design, since most of the sarsen stones were mined in the same place in 25 km from this site itself and placed in Stonehenge at about the same time.

The idea of ​​a calendar consisting of 30-day cycles with an additional “intercalary” month of five days may seem unusual at the present time, but it has repeatedly appeared in earth’s history and has been embodied in various places, including in Ancient Egypt from about 2700 BC Other similar solar calendars also arose in the Eastern Mediterranean around that time.

These examples led Darvill to believe that the five central triliths at Stonehenge could signify a five-day midwinter celebration, a notion reinforced by the fact that the tallest stone in the monument, part of one of the triliths, indicates sunrise on the winter solstice.

Similarities between Stonehenge and ancient Egyptian calendars suggest that such a calendar system may have come from afar, and recent archaeological finds suggest that long-distance travel and the establishment of transcontinental trade routes were not impossible in those days.

Isotope analysis of the burial of a noble archer from Amesbury, located 5 km from Stonehenge, showed that some artifacts from it came from distant lands. However, the calendar system of Stonehenge could have arisen completely independently, without any participation of the Egyptians.


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