US, WASHINGTON (ORDO NEWS) — After just 900 million years after the Big Bang, the universe was filled with black holes devouring matter and as a result have become Blazar, and then – the centers of large galaxies.
Nine hundred million years after the Big Bang, in the era of early galaxies, a black hole already existed one billion times more massive than our Sun.
This black hole sucked a huge amount of ionized gas, forming a galactic engine – blazar, which released a stream of hot matter into space. On Earth, we can still observe this miracle of nature, even 12 billion years later.
Astronomers previously discovered evidence of the first supermassive black holes in the active nuclei of galaxies RL AGN. These are galaxies with very bright nuclei. But do not peer into the sky in vain. They are only visible to radio telescopes, as shown in the picture above. Brightness is a clear sign of the presence of supermassive black holes.
Blazars “shoot” with two narrow relativistic jets, due to which we see them, but if only these jets are directed at us. Having discovered one blazar 12 billion years old, scientists have suggested that there were many in the early Universe. Just because of the direction of the jets in other directions, we do not see them.
“During the first billion years of the life of the Universe, there were a large number of very massive black holes emitting powerful relativistic jets,” says Sylvia Belladitt, a doctoral candidate at the Italian National Institute of Astrophysics and co-author of a new article on blazars.
The discovery of Belladitta and her co-authors confirms that the blazars existed in the era of “reionization” – the period that came after the dark centuries when the first stars and galaxies began to form.
If only one blazar existed at that time, then the direction of its beam towards the Earth could be considered an incredible and even unthinkable luck. Therefore, most likely there were many other blazars that “shone” in all directions.
These blazars became the centers of large galaxies, their nuclei. And the assumption of their huge number in the early Universe will help astrophysicists recreate the history of the Universe and answer the question of how these black monsters were formed.
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The article is written and prepared by our foreign editors from different countries around the world – material edited and published by Ordo News staff in our US newsroom press.