(ORDO NEWS) — In Turkey, archaeologists during survey work on the territory of the ancient city of Datca discovered four inscriptions made on marble and limestone slabs. The texts tell about the military campaigns of the Umayyad period.
According to Hurriyet Daily News, the artifacts were discovered during archaeological excavations carried out on the ruins of the ancient city of Knidos. This is how the modern Turkish city of Datca was originally called.
The excavations were carried out by a team of 40 people led by Professor Ertekin Doxanalti from Selçuk University. It included not only archaeologists, but also geologists, architects, restorers, art historians, biologists and anthropologists.
They established that all four inscriptions belong to the Umayyads, who ruled in the city of Knidos between 685 and 711 AD. Let us clarify that the Umayyads are a dynasty of caliphs founded by Muawiyah in 661.
The texts contain valuable information for science. In particular, they mention the names of clans and tribes that were supposed to participate in the military campaign of the Umayyads against Istanbul. These records also list the commanders of individual military units and the chief “expedition administrators”.
According to Doxanalti, the inscriptions found are the largest surviving texts from the early Islamic period in Western Anatolia.
The professor clarified that they contain the names of the tribes, commanders and rulers who participated in two of the three campaigns against Istanbul organized by the Umayyads. The length of the inscriptions varies from 15 centimeters to one meter.
Artifacts prove that Knidos was an important geopolitical center of its era. It is known that it was founded by Greek colonists. Knidos became an important cultural and political center after about the fifth century BC. It was a busy trading center, the largest in its region.
The city was famous for the famous statue of the goddess Aphrodite, created especially for him by the legendary Athenian sculptor Praxiteles.
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