(ORDO NEWS) — The last nine years on Earth have become the warmest in more than 140 years of meteorological observations.
The documents note that last year the climatic phenomenon of La Niña had the maximum effect on the increase in temperature.
This is significant, scientists say, as La Niña typically has a cooling effect on temperatures around the world.
As NASA noted, 2022 was the fifth warmest year on record. “In the model of climate change – in long-term trends – we see overall warming almost everywhere except perhaps the deepest southern oceans around Antarctica,” said NASA climate scientist Gavin Schmidt at an online briefing for reporters.
“And, unfortunately, we predict that 2023 will be warmer than 2022,” he added. According to NOAA, the average global temperature in 2022 was 14.76 degrees Celsius.
Carbon dioxide emissions raised the planet’s average temperature last year by 1.1 degrees Celsius above pre-Industrial Revolution levels, according to scientists.
As scientists warn, an increase of 1.5 degrees Celsius will lead to extremely serious consequences.
According to NOAA and NASA, all of the last 8 years have been more than 1 degree Celsius warmer than before the Industrial Revolution.
Even with 1.1 degrees of warming, 2022 has shown dangers that many are unprepared for, including a deadly heat wave that has hit much of Europe, catastrophic flooding in Pakistan, a devastating hurricane in the US state of Florida, and record droughts that deplete fresh water supplies. in many parts of the world, Schmidt emphasized.
“According to our calculations, if we burn all the fossil fuels that are possible, then by the end of the century it could become as warm as it was cold during the ice age,” he added, pointing out that 2024 will also be a record warm year.
According to the scientist, “since the mid-1970s, there has been a steady rise in temperature” of the planet.
The NOAA documents also note that in 2022, the temperature of the world’s oceans reached a record level, surpassing the previous record set in 2021.
At the same time, the last four years have been the warmest in the history of observations of the oceans of the planet.
In addition, the researchers found that the extent of Antarctic sea ice in 2022 was the lowest since 1987, threatening the region’s flora and fauna.
Scientists have urged countries around the world to take advantage of the developed methods of combating climate change, which will help to avoid catastrophic consequences.
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