New archaeological site of the mysterious Aztatlan people discovered in Mexico

(ORDO NEWS) — Mazatlán, Sinaloa – In the urban area of ​​the port of Mazatlán, Sinaloa, a new archaeological site of the Aztatlán culture with unique burials was discovered during paving and infrastructure work on the northern extension of Avenida del Delfin.

From May 16 to May 28, the Ministry of Culture of the Mexican government, with the help of specialists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), carried out archaeological rescue work.

The site was discovered by workers when a pipe burst, leaving human remains in plain sight; after an appropriate examination, and since they were ancient remains, INAH was called in to rescue them.

According to archaeologist Víctor Joel Santos Ramirez, the rescue coordinator, the space where the work is carried out corresponds to a natural mound located in the area of ​​the mouth of the river, the surface of which was used in pre-Hispanic times to create a settlement on high ground to avoid flooding, while taking advantage of the ecosystem.

Santos Ramirez, a researcher at the INAH Sinaloa Center, explains that the surface of the mound was covered with crushed shell waste to build perishable structures on it, and human burials were placed under this floor, one of them accompanied by an Aztatlán-style vessel of excellent workmanship: “Burial with such characteristics have not been found in Mazatlán before: under a shell floor and accompanied by fine ceramics, since the most common in the region are pot burials,” explains the archaeologist.

This feature makes the find relevant to the region’s archeology, which is why INAH is seeking an agreement with the Mazatlán city council to protect the site as an archaeological reserve and resume excavations in the near future, Santos Ramirez said.

As of May 27, at the site being explored by archaeologist Paola Martínez Delgadillo, in charge of field work, and restoration technician Eduardo Nunez Montesinos, coordinated by archaeologist Victor Joel Santos Ramirez, an aztatlán-style pipe and three complete, albeit fragmented, vessels were found, including a vase, as well as the remains of a human skeleton in poor condition due to the natural features of the soil of Mazatlán.

The pottery found is of excellent technical quality and belongs to the Acaponet phase (AD 900-1100/1200), according to Santos Ramirez.

The settlement was part of a broad culture that, according to the studies of Alfonso Grave Tirado, another archaeologist from the INAH Sinaloa Center, explorer of the region, developed from 900 AD, coinciding with the period of greatest social, economic and political development in southern Sinaloa and northern Nayarit, known in the archaeological literature as the Aztatlan horizon.

The archaeologist comments that this is certainly not the only pre-Hispanic site, and that it is highly likely that evidence of an important ancient settlement, as yet unknown, can be found throughout the area.

According to Victor Joel Santos Ramírez, no more than 10 archaeological sites have been recorded in the port of Mazatlán, since most of them have disappeared due to urban growth, and unfortunately the authorities are rarely notified of this; this case is an exception, since after the notification of INAH, the archaeologists received the support of the personnel of the Port Authority of Integral and the contractor company, as well as the city council of Mazatlán, to carry out research work.

The excavation is carried out systematically, although it is very difficult due to the depth and hardness of the soil, it is expected that the work will be completed this weekend, when only a rough idea of ​​\u200b\u200bthe excavation site will be obtained, the archaeologist concludes.

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