Neanderthals may have coexisted with modern humans for about 3,000 years

(ORDO NEWS) — Modern humans (Homo sapiens) coexisted with Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis) in Europe for up to 3,000 years, according to a new study.

In a new study published in the journal Scientific Reports , scientists used analysis of recent archaeological finds and computer simulations to find out how long Neanderthals coexisted with humans.

The researchers focused on France and northern Spain, where the last Neanderthals probably lived. In these territories, about 42 thousand years ago, a material culture called Proto-Aurignacian appeared.

Protaurignan tools and blades (made by humans) replaced Châtelperron tools (late Neanderthal tools).

Tool analysis

Neanderthals may have coexisted with modern humans for about 3000 years 2
These sharpened stones are believed to have been created by the last Neanderthals in the region

Scientists have radiocarbon dated 28 Châtelperron tools and 28 Proto-Aurignacian relics recovered from 17 archaeological sites across the region.

They then used computer simulations to determine the earliest and latest dates that humans and Neanderthals could have been present at each of these locations.

The results showed that the Proto-Aurignacian culture – and therefore modern humans – arrived in the area between 42,269 and 42,653 years ago, while the Châtelperron culture disappeared from 39,894 to 39,798 years ago.

The discovery indicates that humans and Neanderthals coexisted for up to 3,000 years.

By the way, recently scientists at Leiden University discovered an ancient workshop in Romania and came to the conclusion that the first meetings of people and Neanderthals were not peaceful.


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