US, WASHINGTON (ORDO NEWS) — Over the next few years, we will return to the moon. But over the 50 years between the last lunar walk and the upcoming, much has changed.
Due to the fact that private companies are becoming a huge part of space programs and many international space agencies are growing, space is becoming quite crowded, so some new rules may be required to help everyone play fair.
This is why NASA has just provided a series of agreements – which they called the Artemis Accords – for implementation by international space agencies and private companies.
“Due to the fact that many countries and private sector players carry out missions and operations in cistern (between the Earth and the Moon) space, it is very important to establish a common set of principles governing the exploration and use of outer space,” the statement explains.
“International space agencies joining NASA as part of the Artemis program will do this by concluding bilateral agreements that set forth a common vision of principles based on the 1967 Outer Space Treaty to create a safe and transparent environment that facilitates research. , science and business for all of humanity. ”
Agreements include peace, transparency, interoperability (the ability of products or systems to work with various products or systems). But there are some very interesting points.
For example, NASA asks all international partners to agree to publicly share their scientific data, as well as register all space objects.
“Without proper registration, coordination to avoid harmful interference is not possible,” the Agreement says.
“The Artemis Agreement calls on any partner who is not yet a member of the Registration Convention to join as soon as possible.”
Currently, about 87 percent of all satellites, probes, ships and other launched space objects are registered with the United Nations Register of Objects.
The agreements also require international partners to protect current objects and artifacts of “historical value” —probable areas where moon landings have already occurred. With nearly 190,000 kilograms of garbage already left on the moon, this is actually not as easy as you imagine.
There are agreements on space resources, as well as information on orbital debris and its disposal, but many of them are incredibly similar to the Outer Space Treaty, a United Nations document that entered into force in 1967 that provides detailed guidance on what countries may or may not do in space.
In fact, this document, which has not changed for more than 50 years, contains many valuable lessons for the next stage of space exploration.
Although much has changed, it seems that some things – cooperation, peace and the good of humanity – remain the same.
You can read all the “Artemis Accords” here.
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