Mysterious tunnels of Erdstall in Europe

(ORDO NEWS) — Erdstall is a type of tunnel found throughout Europe, mainly in the southeastern part of Germany, Bavaria and Austria. This underground network dates back to the Stone Age and is 12,000 years old.

Airstalls are believed to have been created in the Middle Ages, although some argue that these tunnels date back to the Stone Age.

At present, no one knows exactly why these structures were created at all. Supporters of the idea that erdstalls (a tunnel in a mine) belong to the Stone Age, believe that these structures are a network of underground passages stretching from Scotland to Turkey.

The word “erdstall” is borrowed from the German language and can be roughly translated as “earth stall” or “mine tunnel”. Although various types of underground tunnels are known around the world, airstalls have certain features that distinguish them from other underground tunnel systems.

In general, the airstall network consists of very low and narrow tunnels, which are usually oval in shape and arranged either vertically or horizontally. It has also been found that these tunnels typically extend between 20 and 50 meters.

Another unique feature of the erdstall is the “schlupf” (meaning “to slip out”). These are extremely narrow openings (usually only 40 cm in diameter) that serve as transition points between tunnels located at different heights.

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A person explores a horizontal passage or “exit” in an erdstal (GFDL)

Currently, about 2000 air tables are known in Europe. Most of these are located in the German state of Bavaria, where it is estimated that at least 700 such tunnel networks exist. In neighboring Austria, you can find about 500 more air tables. Similar underground passages have also been found in countries such as Britain and France.

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Erdstall Tunnels in Austria

The purpose for which the airstalls were built is still a big mystery. For some locals, these underground tunnels are associated with legendary creatures such as elves or dwarves who are said to have built them or are believed to live in them. In some places, erdstalls have been given fanciful names reflecting their association with local folklore.

Among them are “Shrazelloch” (“goblin’s hole”) and “Alraunenhöle” (“mandrake cave”). Others suggest that erdstalls were associated with castles and served as secret escape routes, as mentioned in some sagas. However, the problem with this interpretation is that ardstalls are known to have only one entry and exit point, making them unsuitable for this purpose.

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Map of ardstalls showing a typical dead end design

Others suggest that the tunnels were used as hiding places. However, the narrowness of these passages, combined with the fact that there is practically no air currents in them (due to the only entrance and exit), would make them a rather inconvenient and unpleasant shelter. Another suggestion is that airstalls were used to store things.

Again, the narrowness of these tunnels makes them impractical for this purpose. In addition, many airstalls are below the waterline and are known to fill with water from time to time, especially during the winter. Therefore, it is unlikely that airstalls were used for storage purposes.

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Moving along the erdstall loop

One of the strangest claims about Airdstalls is that they are part of a huge, interconnected network of underground passages that stretch from Scotland in the west to Turkey in the south.

Moreover, this underground network is said to have originated as early as the Stone Age and is 12,000 years old, much older than the generally accepted estimate that they date back to the Middle Ages.

It has even been claimed that these tunnels functioned as a kind of “ancient underground highway” that allowed people to move safely from one place to another, regardless of what was happening above ground.

There are various problems associated with this theory. For example, even though there are thousands of Airstalls, they are not really related to each other. Another point is that although large underground cities have been discovered in Turkish Cappadocia, they are very different from European airstalls.

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