Mayan texts hidden for millennia deciphered

(ORDO NEWS) — Researchers at the National Institute of Anthropology and History of Mexico (INAH) have been deciphering mysterious hieroglyphs on a vessel found during archaeological excavations.

According to the INAH website, this is a vessel discovered by archaeologists as part of the Mayan Train research project.

This train moves through the Yucatan and makes stops during which archaeologists carry out excavations. A vessel with hieroglyphs was discovered during archaeological excavations near the city of Makskanu.

It was inside a building erected in the pre-Hispanic period. The artifact dates from the late classical period (600-800 AD).

Deciphering the hieroglyphs made it possible to establish that the whole story fell into the hands of scientists. It is dedicated to Cholom – a historical figure.

He belonged to the Mayan elite, his name has already been found on artifacts in the ancient city of Okkintok. The container’s 11 glyphic cartouches are reported to indicate that Cholom held the position of sajal or exclaimer. This was a nobleman whose job it was to shout out the ruler’s orders.

“The sajal is the one who transmits,” explains co-author of the study, archaeologist Ileana Ancona Aragon. “They were not rulers, but nobles, trained to write and read glyphs, and also to transmit aloud the orders of the ajau – the ruler.”

Scientists have not yet established what function the vessel itself performed, as well as the plate found in the “set” with it.

By the way, in the Regional Museum of Anthropology of Yucatan in Merida, another vessel is kept, which also has the name glyph of Choloma. True, in this case he was identified as an uilul, that is, a “listener”.

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