(ORDO NEWS) — Combat sports are gaining more and more popularity among the audience. Martial arts tournaments are loved and watched in all corners of the planet, but few are in a hurry to practice this sport.
According to statistics, after every fight in competitions, someone ends up in the hospital with various injuries. The most standard include: damage to muscles, ligaments and tendons, fractures, dislocations and bruises; unfortunately, albeit extremely rarely, the resulting injuries lead to the death of the athlete.
Such data does not at all increase the reputation of martial arts. Therefore, many parents are afraid to send their children to this sport. But most often these risks are exaggerated and do not apply to all martial arts.
It is noteworthy that only half of these injuries were received during training or competitions in sambo and judo.
The rest of the injuries were received in domestic situations. And now let’s try to figure out why martial arts are really dangerous, how to avoid injuries, and most importantly, why people beat and continue to beat each other.
A brief history of martial arts
The specific date of the appearance of this discipline is unknown. But we can say for sure that the struggle was present in human life at all times.
Archaeological excavations in the territory of ancient Mesopotamia prove that wrestling competitions were held here already in the 3rd century BC. The images of wrestling fights on the walls of tombs in Egypt belong to the same period.
Wrestling was also popular in Ancient Greece. All young Greeks necessarily studied wrestling and pankration (wrestling, which included strikes), and from the 8th-7th centuries BC, these disciplines were included in the program of the ancient Olympic Games.
It is very difficult to count all the existing types of martial arts, because in every country, and sometimes in every region, there are original, historically developed types of wrestling. Such types as judo, aikido and other schools of jujitsu, karate, sumo, kendo originated in Japan.
Other Asian martial arts – Chinese wushu (kung fu), Korean taekwondo are no less popular. In Europe in medieval times, fisticuffs and fun fights with animals were held. On holidays, our ancestors arranged a “wall to wall” fight and fought “in a fight”.
Nowadays, the wrestling “in the girth” is already practiced at trainings in sambo – a modern type of wrestling, which, together with army hand-to-hand combat, was invented in the USSR and received international recognition.
Modern martial arts: wrestling and show
All types of martial arts have their own distinctive feature. For example, in judo, throws, choking and painful holds are actively used, and in karate, contact between wrestlers is practically absent. Taekwondo is a fight mainly with the feet, and in sumo you can beat the opponent only with an open palm.
In Greco-Roman and freestyle wrestling, the loser is the one who was laid on the shoulder blades, and in boxing, the one who did not manage to get up from the floor within 10 seconds.
The increasingly popular discipline called Brazilian jiu-jitsu mainly uses grips, transfers to the prone position, choking and painful techniques on arms and legs.
But there are such types of wrestling in which there are absolutely no forbidden tricks. One of them is called Krav Maga and is practiced exclusively as a martial art.
There are such types of fights as MMA (mixed martial arts) and wrestling – they are rarely classified as sports at all: they are rather sports and entertainment shows, often staged. In MMA, competitions are often held, and bets are also accepted on outcomes in bookmakers. One of the offices can be found here .
The program of the Summer Olympic Games includes such martial arts as boxing, Greco-Roman wrestling, freestyle wrestling, judo and taekwondo and karate. Martial arts should be classified as acyclic sports, as they involve sharp changes in the nature and power of movements.
That is why they are non-standard-variable exercises that require an optimal combination of strength, speed and endurance.
To imagine the tension that an athlete experiences during a fight, you need to run a distance of 1-1.5 km for a while. The athlete is required to have all-round preparation: physical, technical, tactical and psychological.
Wrestling and injury
The main injuries that professional wrestlers receive during training or performances include sprains, dislocations and bruises. Less often, fractures and ruptures of tissues or damage to the intervertebral discs occur.
According to medical experts, martial arts should be separated as a recreational sport and as a competitive activity. According to them, in the first case, there are practically no injuries: amateur training is not the leader in terms of the number and severity of injuries (athletics and playing sports lead the list).
The likelihood of injury in competition is already higher. This is due to the extreme tension of the athlete during the fight. In training conditions, there are also risks of injury, but they are much less.
Injuries in martial arts, as in any sport, are due to a number of reasons: violation of general pedagogical principles, illiterately planned training sessions, incorrectly calculated loads.
The fault may be the coach, parents or the athlete himself; other factors (lack of equipment, climatic conditions) can cause injury, but play a secondary role.
Wrestling and Children: Raising the Spirit
Despite everything, parents brought and continue to bring their children to the martial arts section. Indeed, in this discipline there is direct contact with another person, in contrast to team sports, where contact occurs through a ball or puck, or single sports, where contact is not provided in principle.
That is why in the martial arts sections between people there are special, closer relationships than in many sports. It is worth mentioning the psychological component of martial arts. Sometimes parents are afraid to send their child to wrestling, because someone in the group may be stronger than him.
And the child himself may be afraid of this. Most often this happens, but martial arts will just help to overcome this fear. The sports environment in martial arts is moderately aggressive: here you have to confront your own kind.
Martial arts will help build confidence. Wrestling techniques are excellently used as self-defense, and intuition developed during training helps to quickly navigate in extreme conditions.
Wrestling as a sport is available to absolutely everyone. There are no strict restrictions on the volume of muscle mass, body type, weight, etc.
It is not for nothing that the saying is popular among wrestlers: “In wrestling, everyone is good to the extent of their ugliness.” True, for sumo wrestlers there is still an important criterion – weight.
Wrestling exercises comprehensively strengthen the body and spirit, develop skills useful for everyday life and systematically release the accumulated energy.
Contact us: [email protected]