In Israel, found a unique “receipt” with the name of King Darius the Great
(ORDO NEWS) — In Israel, in the Tel Lachish National Park, quite by accident, one of the visitors stumbled upon a shard in which scientists identified an ancient “receipt” with repeated mention of the Persian king Darius the Great.
According to The Jerusalem Post, a park visitor who found the shard noticed that it was covered with engraving. He handed over the find to the Israel Antiquities Authority.
As it turned out, the object is unique – on the shard there is the first ancient inscription mentioning the name of King Darius the Great, ever found in Israel. The age of the shard is about 2500 years.
The name of King Darius the Great is mentioned several times. He was the father of King Artaxerxes, known as the biblical king Ahasuerus from the story of Purim.
However, judging by the dating, the inscription on the shard was made before the appearance of the Purim story. Archaeologists admitted that at first they were skeptical about the artifact.
They subjected the shard to a thorough inspection using three different scanners. However, the study confirmed not only the authenticity of the object, but also its venerable age.
The artifact dates from the period when the Persian royal administration was located in the city of Lachish, that is, the period of the Achaemenid dynasty, at the turn of the fifth century BC.
The inscription says that it was made in “24 year of Darius”. Based on this, scientists have calculated that the text was created in 498 BC.
It is known that the reign of King Darius the Great lasted from 522 to 486 BC. The transcript of the text also showed that it was a kind of receipt.
Darius the Great, also known as Darius I, is one of the most famous rulers of the Achaemenid dynasty, under which the Persian Empire first reached the heights of its power.
It was under this king that the empire turned into the most powerful state of its time.
Darius the Great built his power on a clear vertical. He turned the conquered states into satrapies, placed his representatives in them, who in the places personified royal power.
In general, the empire had a strict model of strong centralized power, which tried to gain a foothold in new territories not only with the help of military force.
The satrapies received large construction projects from the king, in addition, the Aramaic language then became the state language, which, by order of the king, was promoted throughout the empire.
By the way, Darius is repeatedly mentioned in the Bible, appearing in the Book of Haggai, the Book of Zechariah and the Book of Ezra-Nehemiah.
He had several sons, but the most famous was his successor Xerxes I, who went down in history as Xerxes the Great.
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