How UAE scientists are trying to squeeze more rain out of the clouds

(ORDO NEWS) — The UAE, located in one of the hottest and driest regions on earth, is making efforts to create clouds and increase rainfall, which averages less than 100 millimeters per year.

The effects of climate change, combined with a growing population and the diversification of the economy through tourism and other areas, have increased the demand for water in the UAE.

The country’s authorities rely on expensive desalination plants that use sea water.

Officials say cloud seeding could help. Scientists in Abu Dhabi combine firing water-attracting salt flares with the release of salt nanoparticles.

This new technology stimulates and accelerates the process of condensation and precipitation.

At an altitude of 9,000 feet above sea level, the plane releases flashes of salt into white clouds, hoping to cause precipitation.

“Cloud seeding increases rainfall by about 10-30% per year… According to our calculations, cloud seeding operations are much cheaper than desalination,” Hammadi said.

Other countries in the region, including Saudi Arabia and Iran, have announced similar plans as they face historic droughts.

Edward Graham, a meteorologist at the University of the Highlands and Islands in the UK, said the salt used for cloud seeding in the UAE does not harm the environment.

“Cloud seeding is considered the second most difficult task for pilots,” said one of the pilots, Ahmed al-Jaberi.

“When there is a cloud, we try to figure out how we need to get in and out of it to avoid thunder or hail.”

The UAE authorities have long been looking for ways to get water , billions of dollars have already been spent.

According to climate scientists, by 2025, two-thirds of the world’s inhabitants will suffer from water shortages.

In this regard, the countries of the Middle East are trying to get the ability to control the weather so as not to face similar problems in the future.

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