(ORDO NEWS) — Orchids are one of the most popular indoor plants. They are hardy and easy to grow. However, the flowering process of these plants raises many questions.
The most popular houseplants are quite unpretentious, but it is difficult enough to get them to bloom. However, scientists know ways to speed up this process.
The term “orchid” is used to describe about 25,000 species and as many hybrids of the orchid family (Orchidaceae), including one genus called Phalaenopsis.
Phalaenopsis is the most popular orchid houseplant because it is best suited to the air temperature in our homes and needs quite a bit of light. Few other plant species can match its long flowering period.
While there are other types of orchids, we will focus on phalaenopsis because they are so popular and because most of the research has been done on them. So, how do you get these plants to bloom more often and produce more flowers?
How to encourage orchid blooms
The most important thing you can do to get more flowers is grow good orchids. Larger plants with larger leaves produce more flowers.
A plant with 5 or more leaves flowers easily, although a plant with fewer leaves can do so too. A plant with small leaves or a small root system will simply not flower or produce very few flowers.
Step one is to learn how to grow an orchid at the right temperature and light level. Proper watering ensures good growth and a good root system.
The new leaves of these plants should be no less than the old ones. If they become smaller, then the conditions in your apartment or house do not particularly satisfy them.
In a lab test, phalaenopsis that were force-fed sucrose by foliar spraying produced flowers earlier when temperatures were comfortable. Healthy plants contain more natural sugars.
Phalaenopsis grow in low light. This means that they can grow and bloom even if kept in relative shade, but that doesn’t mean they will grow well in low light.
These flowers need more light than most houseplants. Many common tips say that you should not expose them to direct sun, but this is not true – if you want the plant to produce more flowers and bloom more often, you should take care of the right amount of light for them. True, it is important not to overdo it here – too bright sun can cause burns in orchids.
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