(ORDO NEWS) — Scientists from Norment, a Norwegian mental health research center, have found that the surface of a person’s brain is directly related to their likelihood of developing schizophrenia.
A group of genes associated with the risk of developing schizophrenia also influence the size and thickness of a person’s brain surface, according to specialists from Norment (a Norwegian center for research on mental disorders).
The surface of the brain is its outer layer, that is, the cortex. It is primarily made up of gray matter, but also has approximately 20 billion interconnected nerve cells. This area of the brain plays an important role in many of its functions, including the ability to experience emotions and reason.
According to experts, the thickness and size of the brain surface may be biomarkers of schizophrenia as a mental disorder. That is, after determining these values, it will be possible to say how high the risk of a person developing schizophrenia is.
In addition, during the study, scientists analyzed the genes of more than 40 thousand patients with schizophrenia, as well as almost 65 thousand healthy people.
All information was taken by specialists from European databases. As a result, they were able to prove that there really is a genetic link between this disease and the features of the surface of the brain.
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